Decision makers are used to consider Out-of-Pocket Expenditure (OOPE) within a health technology assessment framework in order to account for an indicator relying on the level of fairness and on the quality of care of a health system. In this paper, we provide estimates on the determinants of OOPE in Italy by using data coming from an observational cross-sectional study that enrolled a sample of 2526 patients suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases. We explore the association between OOPE and: (1) geographical location; (2) income effects; (3) performances in delivering healthcare. A regression model was used. Individuals' age were in the range of 18-88 (mean 44 +/- 14.55). Forty-six percent were females, 54% were married and 19% held a bachelor degree. Ninety-six percent of respondents declared an OOPE >0 whose mean value was euro960 +/- euro950. Individuals belonging to low-income and low-performance regions were more likely to declare an OOPE >0 (99%). Regression findings suggest that increases in OOPE could be considered as a response from patients aiming to compensate for lacks and inefficiencies in the public healthcare offers. Policymakers should consider increases in OOPE in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBDs) as an indicator of poor quality of care and poor fairness.

Ruggeri, M., Drago, C., Cadeddu, C., Armuzzi, A., Leone, S., Marchetti, M., The Determinants of Out-of-Pocket Expenditure in IBD Italian Patients. Results from the AMICI Survey, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH>>, 2020; 17 (21): 1-15. [doi:10.3390/ijerph17218156] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214350]

The Determinants of Out-of-Pocket Expenditure in IBD Italian Patients. Results from the AMICI Survey

Cadeddu, Chiara;Armuzzi, Alessandro;Marchetti, Marco
2020

Abstract

Decision makers are used to consider Out-of-Pocket Expenditure (OOPE) within a health technology assessment framework in order to account for an indicator relying on the level of fairness and on the quality of care of a health system. In this paper, we provide estimates on the determinants of OOPE in Italy by using data coming from an observational cross-sectional study that enrolled a sample of 2526 patients suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases. We explore the association between OOPE and: (1) geographical location; (2) income effects; (3) performances in delivering healthcare. A regression model was used. Individuals' age were in the range of 18-88 (mean 44 +/- 14.55). Forty-six percent were females, 54% were married and 19% held a bachelor degree. Ninety-six percent of respondents declared an OOPE >0 whose mean value was euro960 +/- euro950. Individuals belonging to low-income and low-performance regions were more likely to declare an OOPE >0 (99%). Regression findings suggest that increases in OOPE could be considered as a response from patients aiming to compensate for lacks and inefficiencies in the public healthcare offers. Policymakers should consider increases in OOPE in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBDs) as an indicator of poor quality of care and poor fairness.
Inglese
Ruggeri, M., Drago, C., Cadeddu, C., Armuzzi, A., Leone, S., Marchetti, M., The Determinants of Out-of-Pocket Expenditure in IBD Italian Patients. Results from the AMICI Survey, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH>>, 2020; 17 (21): 1-15. [doi:10.3390/ijerph17218156] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214350]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214350
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