Background Influenza is a major cause of morbidity, mortality and exacerbation of extant chronic disease worldwide. Influenza vaccination is thus fundamental to reduce the burden of disease. In this study, we describe the trend of influenza vaccination coverage in the seasons 2010/11-2020/21 among children aged < 2, 2-4 and 5-8 in Italy. Methods We analyzed the trend of influenza vaccination coverage in the pediatric population in Italy from the 2010/11 to the 2020/21 season at national and regional level and observed the incidence of influenza-like illness (ILI) in the pediatric population between 2010/11 and 2020/21. Results In the period 2010/11-2019/20 the highest value of coverage (4.5%) was reached in the age group 2-4 and 5-8 (season 2010/11 and 2011/12, respectively), while the lowest belonged to the < 2 group (1.1% in the season 2015/16). In the season 2020/2021 all the age groups reported a substantial increase of coverage compared with the previous season. The highest value (19.0%) was reported in the age group 2-4, followed by the group 5-8 and < 2 (13.1 and 9.2%, respectively). Considering the rates of annual ILI cases, the highest value for the 0-4 age group was 18.5% in the 2011/12 season; for the 5-14 age group, the highest value was 27.7% in the 2010/11 season. Conclusions Over the past 11 years pediatric influenza vaccination coverage in Italy has been low, with relevant differences across regions and seasons, albeit a general increase in coverage has been observed in the 2020/21 season. Universal influenza vaccination for children should be considered as a priority for the high incidence in this age group. Further research is needed to improve knowledge and comparability of coverage rates, and to identify the best practices for organizational models of delivery which can support the improvement of trends, the acceptability and accessibility by parents and awareness in stakeholders and decision makers.

D'ambrosio, F., Lanza, T. E., Messina, R., Villani, L., Pezzullo, A. M., Ricciardi, W., Rosano, A., Cadeddu, C., Influenza vaccination coverage in pediatric population in Italy: an analysis of recent trends, <<THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS>>, 2022; 48 (1): 1-9. [doi:10.1186/s13052-022-01271-0] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214344]

Influenza vaccination coverage in pediatric population in Italy: an analysis of recent trends

D'Ambrosio, Floriana;Lanza, Teresa Eleonora;Messina, Rosaria;Villani, Leonardo
;
Pezzullo, Angelo Maria;Ricciardi, Walter;Rosano, Aldo;Cadeddu, Chiara
2022

Abstract

Background Influenza is a major cause of morbidity, mortality and exacerbation of extant chronic disease worldwide. Influenza vaccination is thus fundamental to reduce the burden of disease. In this study, we describe the trend of influenza vaccination coverage in the seasons 2010/11-2020/21 among children aged < 2, 2-4 and 5-8 in Italy. Methods We analyzed the trend of influenza vaccination coverage in the pediatric population in Italy from the 2010/11 to the 2020/21 season at national and regional level and observed the incidence of influenza-like illness (ILI) in the pediatric population between 2010/11 and 2020/21. Results In the period 2010/11-2019/20 the highest value of coverage (4.5%) was reached in the age group 2-4 and 5-8 (season 2010/11 and 2011/12, respectively), while the lowest belonged to the < 2 group (1.1% in the season 2015/16). In the season 2020/2021 all the age groups reported a substantial increase of coverage compared with the previous season. The highest value (19.0%) was reported in the age group 2-4, followed by the group 5-8 and < 2 (13.1 and 9.2%, respectively). Considering the rates of annual ILI cases, the highest value for the 0-4 age group was 18.5% in the 2011/12 season; for the 5-14 age group, the highest value was 27.7% in the 2010/11 season. Conclusions Over the past 11 years pediatric influenza vaccination coverage in Italy has been low, with relevant differences across regions and seasons, albeit a general increase in coverage has been observed in the 2020/21 season. Universal influenza vaccination for children should be considered as a priority for the high incidence in this age group. Further research is needed to improve knowledge and comparability of coverage rates, and to identify the best practices for organizational models of delivery which can support the improvement of trends, the acceptability and accessibility by parents and awareness in stakeholders and decision makers.
Inglese
D'ambrosio, F., Lanza, T. E., Messina, R., Villani, L., Pezzullo, A. M., Ricciardi, W., Rosano, A., Cadeddu, C., Influenza vaccination coverage in pediatric population in Italy: an analysis of recent trends, <<THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS>>, 2022; 48 (1): 1-9. [doi:10.1186/s13052-022-01271-0] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214344]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214344
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