Despite the growing number of published studies, the role of vitamin D in the prevention or treatment of tuberculosis remains unclear. In this review we analyze current scientific literature to provide evidence about the relationship between vitamin D and TB, with a special focus on the pediatric population. While in vitro studies have shown relevant antimycobacterial immune-stimulatory and immunosuppressive effects of vitamin D, this has not panned out in vivo with active TB. On the contrary, there is some evidence that this tool could work as prevention - both against TB infection as well as progression from latent to active infection. However, only a few studies have evaluated this correlation in children. The potential link between tuberculosis and vitamin D levels is promising. If effective, vitamin D supplementation of at-risk populations would be an affordable public health intervention, particularly in light of the worldwide increase in identified TB cases and drug-resistance. Vitamin D might represent a new, affordable, safe and easy to access drug for the prevention and treatment of TB. For stronger evidence, considering the features of infection (relative low incidence of reactivation of latent infection in immunocompetent patients) we need clinical trials with large numbers of participants conducted in endemic regions with a prolonged follow-up time

Buonsenso, D., Pata, D., Turriziani Colonna, A., Ferrari, V., Salerno, G., Valentini, P., Vitamin D and tuberculosis in children: a role in the prevention or treatment of the disease?, <<MONALDI ARCHIVES FOR CHEST DISEASE>>, 2022; (Mar 30): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.4081/monaldi.2022.2112] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214029]

Vitamin D and tuberculosis in children: a role in the prevention or treatment of the disease?

Buonsenso, Danilo;Turriziani Colonna, Arianna;Salerno, Gilda;Valentini, Piero
2022

Abstract

Despite the growing number of published studies, the role of vitamin D in the prevention or treatment of tuberculosis remains unclear. In this review we analyze current scientific literature to provide evidence about the relationship between vitamin D and TB, with a special focus on the pediatric population. While in vitro studies have shown relevant antimycobacterial immune-stimulatory and immunosuppressive effects of vitamin D, this has not panned out in vivo with active TB. On the contrary, there is some evidence that this tool could work as prevention - both against TB infection as well as progression from latent to active infection. However, only a few studies have evaluated this correlation in children. The potential link between tuberculosis and vitamin D levels is promising. If effective, vitamin D supplementation of at-risk populations would be an affordable public health intervention, particularly in light of the worldwide increase in identified TB cases and drug-resistance. Vitamin D might represent a new, affordable, safe and easy to access drug for the prevention and treatment of TB. For stronger evidence, considering the features of infection (relative low incidence of reactivation of latent infection in immunocompetent patients) we need clinical trials with large numbers of participants conducted in endemic regions with a prolonged follow-up time
Inglese
Buonsenso, D., Pata, D., Turriziani Colonna, A., Ferrari, V., Salerno, G., Valentini, P., Vitamin D and tuberculosis in children: a role in the prevention or treatment of the disease?, <<MONALDI ARCHIVES FOR CHEST DISEASE>>, 2022; (Mar 30): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.4081/monaldi.2022.2112] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214029]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/214029
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