In a prospective study, plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 45 premature neonates (25-34 weeks gestational age) with signs and symptoms of suspected sepsis at 0, 12 and 24 h; C-reactive protein (CRP) was measured at 0-24 h after enrolment. Six subjects were excluded due to insufficient blood sampling. The remaining 39 neonates were assigned to one of three groups: 25 newborns with sepsis (blood culture positive), seven with pneumonia (positive results on broncho-alveolar lavage fluid culture and characteristic chest radiography) and seven with necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) (characteristic intestinal and radiological signs according to the criteria of Bell et al.). A group of 20 healthy preterm neonates represented control subjects. On admission, higher levels of IL-6, IL-10 and CRP were observed in neonates with sepsis: IL-6 (median 1500 pg/ml, range 487-10000 pg/ml), IL-10 (median 113 pg/ml, range 70-196 pg/ml), CRP (median 22 mg/l, range 4-80 mg/l); pneumonia: IL-6 (median 1500 pg/ml, range 747-8000 pg/ml, IL-10 (median 84 pg/ml, range 76-92 pg/ml), CRP (median 10 mg/l, range 8-33 mg/l) and NEC: IL-6 (median 6650 pg/ml, range 1595-7950 pg/ml), IL-10 (median 80 pg/ml, range 61-147 pg/ml), CRP (median 3 mg/l, range 2.8-8 mg/l) as compared to controls (IL-6 median 208 pg/ml, range 198-349 pg/ml; IL-10 median 36 pg/ml, range 19-50 pg/ml; CRP median < 2 mg/l) (P < 0.05). In neonates with sepsis, IL-6 levels were significantly correlated with IL-10 levels (r = 0.65; P = 0.04) at the time of the second sample. The highest IL-6 levels were observed at onset, while IL-10 was predominant 12 h later. On admission, IL-10 and CRP levels were significantly higher in non-survivors (IL-10 median 507 pg/ml, range 422-753 pg/ml; CRP median 123 mg/l, range 20-219 mg/l) than in survivors (IL-10 median 76 pg/ml, range 61-143 pg/ml; CRP median 8 mg/l range 3-46 mg/l), while IL-10 levels were significantly higher (P < 0.05) also 12 h after admission (non-survivors: IL-10 median 600 pg/ml, range 538-800 pg/ml; survivors: IL-10 median 74 pg/ml, range 53-161 pg/ml). IL-6 and IL-10 levels were significantly correlated with CRP levels on admission (r = 0.45; P = 0.05). CONCLUSION: Preterm neonates with sepsis, pneumonia or necrotising enterocolitis showed increased interleukin-6, interleukin-10 and C-reactive protein levels. High interleukin-10 concentration was associated with mortality and could be an early indicator of prognosis.

Romagnoli, C., Frezza, S., Cingolani, A., De Luca, A., Puopolo, M., De Carolis, M. P., Vento, G., Antinori, A., Tortorolo, G. G. B., Plasma levels of Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-10 in preterm neonates evaluated for sepsis, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS>>, 2001; (160): 345-350 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/21339]

Plasma levels of Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-10 in preterm neonates evaluated for sepsis

Romagnoli;Costantino; Frezza;Simonetta; Cingolani;M; De Carolis;Maria Pia; Vento;Giovanni; Antinori;Armando; Tortorolo
2001

Abstract

In a prospective study, plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 45 premature neonates (25-34 weeks gestational age) with signs and symptoms of suspected sepsis at 0, 12 and 24 h; C-reactive protein (CRP) was measured at 0-24 h after enrolment. Six subjects were excluded due to insufficient blood sampling. The remaining 39 neonates were assigned to one of three groups: 25 newborns with sepsis (blood culture positive), seven with pneumonia (positive results on broncho-alveolar lavage fluid culture and characteristic chest radiography) and seven with necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) (characteristic intestinal and radiological signs according to the criteria of Bell et al.). A group of 20 healthy preterm neonates represented control subjects. On admission, higher levels of IL-6, IL-10 and CRP were observed in neonates with sepsis: IL-6 (median 1500 pg/ml, range 487-10000 pg/ml), IL-10 (median 113 pg/ml, range 70-196 pg/ml), CRP (median 22 mg/l, range 4-80 mg/l); pneumonia: IL-6 (median 1500 pg/ml, range 747-8000 pg/ml, IL-10 (median 84 pg/ml, range 76-92 pg/ml), CRP (median 10 mg/l, range 8-33 mg/l) and NEC: IL-6 (median 6650 pg/ml, range 1595-7950 pg/ml), IL-10 (median 80 pg/ml, range 61-147 pg/ml), CRP (median 3 mg/l, range 2.8-8 mg/l) as compared to controls (IL-6 median 208 pg/ml, range 198-349 pg/ml; IL-10 median 36 pg/ml, range 19-50 pg/ml; CRP median < 2 mg/l) (P < 0.05). In neonates with sepsis, IL-6 levels were significantly correlated with IL-10 levels (r = 0.65; P = 0.04) at the time of the second sample. The highest IL-6 levels were observed at onset, while IL-10 was predominant 12 h later. On admission, IL-10 and CRP levels were significantly higher in non-survivors (IL-10 median 507 pg/ml, range 422-753 pg/ml; CRP median 123 mg/l, range 20-219 mg/l) than in survivors (IL-10 median 76 pg/ml, range 61-143 pg/ml; CRP median 8 mg/l range 3-46 mg/l), while IL-10 levels were significantly higher (P < 0.05) also 12 h after admission (non-survivors: IL-10 median 600 pg/ml, range 538-800 pg/ml; survivors: IL-10 median 74 pg/ml, range 53-161 pg/ml). IL-6 and IL-10 levels were significantly correlated with CRP levels on admission (r = 0.45; P = 0.05). CONCLUSION: Preterm neonates with sepsis, pneumonia or necrotising enterocolitis showed increased interleukin-6, interleukin-10 and C-reactive protein levels. High interleukin-10 concentration was associated with mortality and could be an early indicator of prognosis.
Inglese
Romagnoli, C., Frezza, S., Cingolani, A., De Luca, A., Puopolo, M., De Carolis, M. P., Vento, G., Antinori, A., Tortorolo, G. G. B., Plasma levels of Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-10 in preterm neonates evaluated for sepsis, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS>>, 2001; (160): 345-350 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/21339]
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