Background: Initiation to Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) can be implemented in an inpatient or outpatient setting. Aims: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of adaptation (the number of needed sessions) to home-based NIV compared to an outpatient one in ALS in terms of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) improvement. NIV acceptance (mean use of ≥5 h NIV per night for three consecutive nights during the adaptation trial), adherence (night-time NIV usage for ≥150 h/month), quality of life (QoL), and caregiver burden were secondary outcomes. Methods: A total of 66 ALS patients with indications for NIV were involved in this randomized controlled trial (RCT): 34 underwent NIV initiation at home (home adaptation, HA) and 32 at multiple outpatient visits (outpatient adaptation, OA). Respiratory function tests were performed at baseline (the time of starting the NIV, T0) together with blood gas analysis, which was repeated at the end of adaptation (T1) and 2 (T2) and 6 (T3) months after T1. NIV adherence was measured at T2 and T3. Overnight cardiorespiratory polygraphy, Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI), Caregiver Burden Scale (CBS), and Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) were performed at T0, T2, and T3. Results: Fifty-eight participants completed the study. No differences were found between groups in PaCO2 at T1 (p = 0.46), T2 (p = 0.50), and T3 (p = 0.34) in acceptance (p = 0.55) and adherence to NIV at T2 and T3 (p = 0.60 and p = 0.75, respectively). At T2, the patients’ QoL, assessed with SF-36, was significantly better in HA than in OA (p = 0.01), but this improvement was not maintained until T3 (p = 0.17). Conclusions: In ALS, adaptation to NIV in the patient’s home is as effective as that performed in an outpatient setting regarding PaCO2, acceptance, and adherence, which emphasizes the need for further studies to understand the role of the environment concerning NIV adherence.

Volpato, E., Vitacca, M., Ptacinsky, L., Lax, A., D’Ascenzo, S., Bertella, E., Paneroni, M., Grilli, S., Banfi, P., Home-Based Adaptation to Night-Time Non-Invasive Ventilation in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial, <<JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE>>, 2022; 11 (3178): 1-17. [doi:10.3390/jcm11113178] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/210682]

Home-Based Adaptation to Night-Time Non-Invasive Ventilation in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Volpato, Eleonora
Primo
;
2022

Abstract

Background: Initiation to Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) can be implemented in an inpatient or outpatient setting. Aims: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of adaptation (the number of needed sessions) to home-based NIV compared to an outpatient one in ALS in terms of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) improvement. NIV acceptance (mean use of ≥5 h NIV per night for three consecutive nights during the adaptation trial), adherence (night-time NIV usage for ≥150 h/month), quality of life (QoL), and caregiver burden were secondary outcomes. Methods: A total of 66 ALS patients with indications for NIV were involved in this randomized controlled trial (RCT): 34 underwent NIV initiation at home (home adaptation, HA) and 32 at multiple outpatient visits (outpatient adaptation, OA). Respiratory function tests were performed at baseline (the time of starting the NIV, T0) together with blood gas analysis, which was repeated at the end of adaptation (T1) and 2 (T2) and 6 (T3) months after T1. NIV adherence was measured at T2 and T3. Overnight cardiorespiratory polygraphy, Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI), Caregiver Burden Scale (CBS), and Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) were performed at T0, T2, and T3. Results: Fifty-eight participants completed the study. No differences were found between groups in PaCO2 at T1 (p = 0.46), T2 (p = 0.50), and T3 (p = 0.34) in acceptance (p = 0.55) and adherence to NIV at T2 and T3 (p = 0.60 and p = 0.75, respectively). At T2, the patients’ QoL, assessed with SF-36, was significantly better in HA than in OA (p = 0.01), but this improvement was not maintained until T3 (p = 0.17). Conclusions: In ALS, adaptation to NIV in the patient’s home is as effective as that performed in an outpatient setting regarding PaCO2, acceptance, and adherence, which emphasizes the need for further studies to understand the role of the environment concerning NIV adherence.
Inglese
Volpato, E., Vitacca, M., Ptacinsky, L., Lax, A., D’Ascenzo, S., Bertella, E., Paneroni, M., Grilli, S., Banfi, P., Home-Based Adaptation to Night-Time Non-Invasive Ventilation in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial, <<JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE>>, 2022; 11 (3178): 1-17. [doi:10.3390/jcm11113178] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/210682]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/210682
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