Purpose: A concomitant boost (CB) in patients treated with postoperative radiotherapy after conservative surgery of invasive breast cancer (BC) has been suggested for treatment time reduction and therapy intensification. The aim of this analysis was to assess long-term tolerability of a CB in patients treated with postoperative intensity Modulated Accelerated RAdiotherapy (MARA). Patients and Methods: In this phase I–II trial, 321 patients with intermediate-high risk BC (pT1-4 with at least one of the following characteristics: pre or perimenopausal status, pN2-3, positive or close margins) were enrolled. Patients were treated with forward-planned intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and CB. A total dose of 50 Gy (2 Gy/fraction) and 60 Gy (2.4 Gy/fraction) was prescribed to the whole breast and the tumor bed, respectively. The potential impact of hypertension, diabetes, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy on both skin and subcutaneous late toxicity-free survival (LTFS) was evaluated. Survival curves were calculated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Results: Median follow-up was 52 months (range: 3–115). Regional node irradiation, adjuvant chemotherapy and hormonal therapy were prescribed to 29.3%, 65.4% and 81.0% of patients, respectively. Five-year G2 and G3 skin LTFS were 95.6% and 100.0%, respec-tively. Five-year G2 and G3 subcutaneous LTFS were 80.0% and 98.6%, respectively. Only diabetes showed a significant correlation with worse G3 subcutaneous LTFS (p: 0.024). Five-year loco-regional control, metastasis-free survival, disease-free survival, and overall survival were 98.0%, 91.8%, 89.7% and 96.3%, respectively. Conclusion: IMRT combined with CB was associated with a low risk of > G2 late toxicities (0.0% and 1.4% for skin and subcutaneous tissue, respectively). The cumulative actuarial incidence of local recurrences was 2.0% despite the exclusion of low-risk patients. Our results suggest that CB is safe and effective in patients with intermediate-high risk BC. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03471741.

Macchia, G., Cilla, S., Buwenge, M., Zamagni, A., Ammendolia, I., Zamagni, C., Frezza, G. P., Valentini, V., Deodato, F., Morganti, A. G., Intensity-modulated radiotherapy with concomitant boost after breast conserving surgery: A phase i–ii trial, <<BREAST CANCER>>, 2020; 12 (novembre): 243-249. [doi:10.2147/BCTT.S261587] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/207149]

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy with concomitant boost after breast conserving surgery: A phase i–ii trial

Macchia, G.;Cilla, S.;Valentini, V.;Deodato, F.;Morganti, A. G.
2020

Abstract

Purpose: A concomitant boost (CB) in patients treated with postoperative radiotherapy after conservative surgery of invasive breast cancer (BC) has been suggested for treatment time reduction and therapy intensification. The aim of this analysis was to assess long-term tolerability of a CB in patients treated with postoperative intensity Modulated Accelerated RAdiotherapy (MARA). Patients and Methods: In this phase I–II trial, 321 patients with intermediate-high risk BC (pT1-4 with at least one of the following characteristics: pre or perimenopausal status, pN2-3, positive or close margins) were enrolled. Patients were treated with forward-planned intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and CB. A total dose of 50 Gy (2 Gy/fraction) and 60 Gy (2.4 Gy/fraction) was prescribed to the whole breast and the tumor bed, respectively. The potential impact of hypertension, diabetes, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy on both skin and subcutaneous late toxicity-free survival (LTFS) was evaluated. Survival curves were calculated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Results: Median follow-up was 52 months (range: 3–115). Regional node irradiation, adjuvant chemotherapy and hormonal therapy were prescribed to 29.3%, 65.4% and 81.0% of patients, respectively. Five-year G2 and G3 skin LTFS were 95.6% and 100.0%, respec-tively. Five-year G2 and G3 subcutaneous LTFS were 80.0% and 98.6%, respectively. Only diabetes showed a significant correlation with worse G3 subcutaneous LTFS (p: 0.024). Five-year loco-regional control, metastasis-free survival, disease-free survival, and overall survival were 98.0%, 91.8%, 89.7% and 96.3%, respectively. Conclusion: IMRT combined with CB was associated with a low risk of > G2 late toxicities (0.0% and 1.4% for skin and subcutaneous tissue, respectively). The cumulative actuarial incidence of local recurrences was 2.0% despite the exclusion of low-risk patients. Our results suggest that CB is safe and effective in patients with intermediate-high risk BC. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03471741.
Inglese
Macchia, G., Cilla, S., Buwenge, M., Zamagni, A., Ammendolia, I., Zamagni, C., Frezza, G. P., Valentini, V., Deodato, F., Morganti, A. G., Intensity-modulated radiotherapy with concomitant boost after breast conserving surgery: A phase i–ii trial, <<BREAST CANCER>>, 2020; 12 (novembre): 243-249. [doi:10.2147/BCTT.S261587] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/207149]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/207149
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