Background: Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain cancer and one of the most lethal tumors. Theoretically, modern radiotherapy (RT) techniques allow dose-escalation due to the reduced irradiation of healthy tissues. This study aimed to define the adjuvant maximum tolerated dose (MTD) using volumetric modulated arc RT with simultaneous integrated boost (VMAT-SIB) plus standard dose temozolomide (TMZ) in GBM. Methods: A Phase I clinical trial was performed in operated GBM patients using VMAT-SIB technique with progressively increased total dose. RT was delivered in 25 fractions (5 weeks) to two planning target volumes (PTVs) defined by adding a 5-mm margin to the clinical target volumes (CTVs). The CTV1 was the tumor bed plus the MRI enhancing residual lesion with 10-mm margin. The CTV2 was the CTV1 plus 20-mm margin. Only PTV1 dose was escalated (planned dose levels: 72.5, 75, 77.5, 80, 82.5, 85 Gy), while PTV2 dose remained unchanged (45 Gy/1.8 Gy). Concurrent and sequential TMZ was prescribed according to the EORTC/NCIC protocol. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were defined as any G ≥ 3 non-hematological acute toxicity or any G ≥ 4 acute hematological toxicities (RTOG scale) or any G ≥ 2 late toxicities (RTOG-EORTC scale). Results: Thirty-seven patients (M/F: 21/16; median age: 59 years; median follow-up: 12 months) were enrolled and treated as follows: 6 patients (72.5 Gy), 10 patients (75 Gy), 10 patients (77.5 Gy), 9 patients (80 Gy), 2 patients (82.5 Gy), and 0 patients (85 Gy). Eleven patients (29.7%) had G1-2 acute neurological toxicity, while 3 patients (8.1%) showed G ≥ 3 acute neurological toxicities at 77.5 Gy, 80 Gy, and 82.5 Gy levels, respectively. Since two DLTs (G3 neurological: 1 patient and G5 hematological toxicity: 1 patient) were observed at 82.5 Gy level, the trial was closed and the 80 Gy dose-level was defined as the MTD. Two asymptomatic histologically proven radionecrosis were recorded. Conclusions: According to the results of this Phase I trial, 80 Gy in 25 fractions accelerated hypofractionated RT is the MTD using VMAT-SIB plus standard dose TMZ in resected GBM.

Ferro, M., Ferro, M., Macchia, G., Cilla, S., Buwenge, M., Re, A., Romano, C., Boccardi, M., Picardi, V., Cammelli, S., Cucci, E., Mignogna, S., Di Lullo, L., Valentini, V., Morganti, A. G., Deodato, F., Post-Operative Accelerated-Hypofractionated Chemoradiation With Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy and Simultaneous Integrated Boost in Glioblastoma: A Phase I Study (ISIDE-BT-2), <<FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY>>, 2021; 10 (febbraio): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3389/fonc.2020.626400] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/207146]

Post-Operative Accelerated-Hypofractionated Chemoradiation With Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy and Simultaneous Integrated Boost in Glioblastoma: A Phase I Study (ISIDE-BT-2)

Ferro, M.;Ferro, M.;Macchia, G.;Cilla, S.;Romano, C.;Valentini, V.;Morganti, A. G.;Deodato, F.
2021

Abstract

Background: Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain cancer and one of the most lethal tumors. Theoretically, modern radiotherapy (RT) techniques allow dose-escalation due to the reduced irradiation of healthy tissues. This study aimed to define the adjuvant maximum tolerated dose (MTD) using volumetric modulated arc RT with simultaneous integrated boost (VMAT-SIB) plus standard dose temozolomide (TMZ) in GBM. Methods: A Phase I clinical trial was performed in operated GBM patients using VMAT-SIB technique with progressively increased total dose. RT was delivered in 25 fractions (5 weeks) to two planning target volumes (PTVs) defined by adding a 5-mm margin to the clinical target volumes (CTVs). The CTV1 was the tumor bed plus the MRI enhancing residual lesion with 10-mm margin. The CTV2 was the CTV1 plus 20-mm margin. Only PTV1 dose was escalated (planned dose levels: 72.5, 75, 77.5, 80, 82.5, 85 Gy), while PTV2 dose remained unchanged (45 Gy/1.8 Gy). Concurrent and sequential TMZ was prescribed according to the EORTC/NCIC protocol. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were defined as any G ≥ 3 non-hematological acute toxicity or any G ≥ 4 acute hematological toxicities (RTOG scale) or any G ≥ 2 late toxicities (RTOG-EORTC scale). Results: Thirty-seven patients (M/F: 21/16; median age: 59 years; median follow-up: 12 months) were enrolled and treated as follows: 6 patients (72.5 Gy), 10 patients (75 Gy), 10 patients (77.5 Gy), 9 patients (80 Gy), 2 patients (82.5 Gy), and 0 patients (85 Gy). Eleven patients (29.7%) had G1-2 acute neurological toxicity, while 3 patients (8.1%) showed G ≥ 3 acute neurological toxicities at 77.5 Gy, 80 Gy, and 82.5 Gy levels, respectively. Since two DLTs (G3 neurological: 1 patient and G5 hematological toxicity: 1 patient) were observed at 82.5 Gy level, the trial was closed and the 80 Gy dose-level was defined as the MTD. Two asymptomatic histologically proven radionecrosis were recorded. Conclusions: According to the results of this Phase I trial, 80 Gy in 25 fractions accelerated hypofractionated RT is the MTD using VMAT-SIB plus standard dose TMZ in resected GBM.
Inglese
Ferro, M., Ferro, M., Macchia, G., Cilla, S., Buwenge, M., Re, A., Romano, C., Boccardi, M., Picardi, V., Cammelli, S., Cucci, E., Mignogna, S., Di Lullo, L., Valentini, V., Morganti, A. G., Deodato, F., Post-Operative Accelerated-Hypofractionated Chemoradiation With Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy and Simultaneous Integrated Boost in Glioblastoma: A Phase I Study (ISIDE-BT-2), <<FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY>>, 2021; 10 (febbraio): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3389/fonc.2020.626400] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/207146]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/207146
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