Background: Cytoreductive surgery is currently the main treatment for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (OC), and several surgical maneuvers, including colorectal resection, are often needed to achieve no residual disease. High surgical complexity carries an inherent risk of postoperative complications, including anastomosis leakage (AL). Albeit rare, AL is a life-threatening condition. The aim of this single-center retrospective study is to assess the AL rate in patients undergoing colorectal resection and anastomosis during primary surgery for advanced epithelial OC through a standardized surgical technique and to evaluate possible pre/intra- and postoperative risk factors to identify the population at greatest risk. Methods: A retrospective analysis of clinical and surgical characteristics of 515 patients undergoing colorectal resection and anastomosis during primary or interval debulking surgery between December 2011 and October 2019 was performed. Several pre/intra- and postoperative variables were evaluated by multivariate analysis as potential risk factors for AL. Results: The overall anastomotic leakage rate was 2.9% (15/515) with a significant negative impact on postoperative course. Body mass index < 18 kg/m2, preoperative albumin value lower than 30 mg/dL, section of the inferior mesenteric artery at its origin, and medium–low colorectal anastomosis (< 10 cm from the anal verge) were identified as independent risk factors for AL on multivariate analysis. Conclusions: AL is confirmed to be an extremely rare but severe postoperative complication of OC surgery, being responsible for increased early postoperative mortality. Preoperative nutritional status and surgical characteristics, such as blood supply and anastomosis level, appear to be the most significant risk factors.

Costantini, B., Vargiu, V., Santullo, F., Rosati, A., Bruno, M., Gallotta, V., Lodoli, C., Moroni, R., Pacelli, F., Scambia, G., Fagotti, A., Risk Factors for Anastomotic Leakage in Advanced Ovarian Cancer Surgery: A Large Single-Center Experience, <<ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY>>, 2022; (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1245/s10434-022-11686-y] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/206235]

Risk Factors for Anastomotic Leakage in Advanced Ovarian Cancer Surgery: A Large Single-Center Experience

Costantini, Barbara;Gallotta, Valerio;Pacelli, Fabio;Scambia, Giovanni;Fagotti, Anna
2022

Abstract

Background: Cytoreductive surgery is currently the main treatment for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (OC), and several surgical maneuvers, including colorectal resection, are often needed to achieve no residual disease. High surgical complexity carries an inherent risk of postoperative complications, including anastomosis leakage (AL). Albeit rare, AL is a life-threatening condition. The aim of this single-center retrospective study is to assess the AL rate in patients undergoing colorectal resection and anastomosis during primary surgery for advanced epithelial OC through a standardized surgical technique and to evaluate possible pre/intra- and postoperative risk factors to identify the population at greatest risk. Methods: A retrospective analysis of clinical and surgical characteristics of 515 patients undergoing colorectal resection and anastomosis during primary or interval debulking surgery between December 2011 and October 2019 was performed. Several pre/intra- and postoperative variables were evaluated by multivariate analysis as potential risk factors for AL. Results: The overall anastomotic leakage rate was 2.9% (15/515) with a significant negative impact on postoperative course. Body mass index < 18 kg/m2, preoperative albumin value lower than 30 mg/dL, section of the inferior mesenteric artery at its origin, and medium–low colorectal anastomosis (< 10 cm from the anal verge) were identified as independent risk factors for AL on multivariate analysis. Conclusions: AL is confirmed to be an extremely rare but severe postoperative complication of OC surgery, being responsible for increased early postoperative mortality. Preoperative nutritional status and surgical characteristics, such as blood supply and anastomosis level, appear to be the most significant risk factors.
2022
Inglese
Costantini, B., Vargiu, V., Santullo, F., Rosati, A., Bruno, M., Gallotta, V., Lodoli, C., Moroni, R., Pacelli, F., Scambia, G., Fagotti, A., Risk Factors for Anastomotic Leakage in Advanced Ovarian Cancer Surgery: A Large Single-Center Experience, <<ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY>>, 2022; (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1245/s10434-022-11686-y] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/206235]
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