Sepsis is one of the most common complications and causes of death in patients with Alcohol-related Liver Disease. This narrative review will focus on several aspects of sepsis in the context of Alcohol-related Liver Disease. The pathophysiology of the increased susceptibility to infections consists mainly of impaired innate and adaptive immunity, changes in gut microbiota with consequent gut translocation of bacteria due to both alcohol abuse and the underlying liver disease. The diagnosis of sepsis in the context of Alcohol-related Liver Disease is challenging. Moreover, the use of classical acute-phase serum proteins (e.g., C-reactive protein and procalcitonin) has several limitations in this setting. The early administration of an adequate antibiotic treatment is pivotal. Finally, measures of infection control and prevention are needed because the prognosis of sepsis in patients affected by Alcohol-related Liver Disease is poor.

Vassallo, G., Dionisi, T., Tarli, C., Augello, G., Mirijello, A., De Cosmo, S., Gasbarrini, A., Addolorato, G., Alcohol-related Liver Disease and sepsis, <<EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES>>, 2021; (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.26355/eurrev_202107_26249] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/205481]

Alcohol-related Liver Disease and sepsis

Dionisi, T;Tarli, C;Mirijello, A;Gasbarrini, A;Addolorato, G
2021

Abstract

Sepsis is one of the most common complications and causes of death in patients with Alcohol-related Liver Disease. This narrative review will focus on several aspects of sepsis in the context of Alcohol-related Liver Disease. The pathophysiology of the increased susceptibility to infections consists mainly of impaired innate and adaptive immunity, changes in gut microbiota with consequent gut translocation of bacteria due to both alcohol abuse and the underlying liver disease. The diagnosis of sepsis in the context of Alcohol-related Liver Disease is challenging. Moreover, the use of classical acute-phase serum proteins (e.g., C-reactive protein and procalcitonin) has several limitations in this setting. The early administration of an adequate antibiotic treatment is pivotal. Finally, measures of infection control and prevention are needed because the prognosis of sepsis in patients affected by Alcohol-related Liver Disease is poor.
Inglese
Vassallo, G., Dionisi, T., Tarli, C., Augello, G., Mirijello, A., De Cosmo, S., Gasbarrini, A., Addolorato, G., Alcohol-related Liver Disease and sepsis, <<EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES>>, 2021; (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.26355/eurrev_202107_26249] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/205481]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/205481
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