Background: The development of alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is related to chronic excessive alcohol use. However, features of early-stage ACM are still unclear. We assessed echocardiographic characteristics of patients with alcohol dependence (DSM-IV criteria) during a six-month treatment period. Methods: Active drinking patients, heavy alcohol users, without heart disease, referred to our Alcohol Addiction Unit were enrolled in the study. After signing informed consent, patients started outpatient treatment program. Echocardiography was performed at enrollment, then three and six months afterwards, by cardiologists blinded to drinking status. Results: Forty-three patients (36 males, 7 females) were enrolled. At six months, 20 patients (46.5%) reduced alcohol consumption below heavy drinking levels. Although within normal range, baseline mean IVS thickness and mean LVDD were significantly higher (p < 0.001) and mean EF significantly reduced (p = 0.009), as compared to age-matched mean references. Mean E/A ratio, DcT and LA diameter were significantly different (p < 0.001) from mean references, but within normal range. Baseline mean E/e' ratio was significantly higher than the mean reference (p < 0.001) and out of the normal range. A significant correlation between the number of drinks per drinking days in the 7 days before baseline assessment and E/e' ratio was observed (p = 0.028). After six months, a trend-level reduction of mean E/e' ratio (p = 0.051) was found in the whole sample; this reduction was statistically significant (p = 0.041) among patients reducing drinking, compared to baseline. Conclusions: Altered E/e' ratio may characterize early-ACM before the occurrence of relevant echocardiographic alterations. The reduction of alcohol consumption could restore this alteration after six months.

Mirijello, A., Sestito, L., Lauria, C., Tarli, C., Vassallo, G., Antonelli, M., D'angelo, C., Ferrulli, A., Crea, F., Cossari, A., Leggio, L., De Cosmo, S., Gasbarrini, A., Addolorato, G., Echocardiographic markers of early alcoholic cardiomyopathy: Six-month longitudinal study in heavy drinking patients, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE>>, 2022; (N/A): N/A-N/A [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/205473]

Echocardiographic markers of early alcoholic cardiomyopathy: Six-month longitudinal study in heavy drinking patients

Mirijello A;Sestito L;Tarli C;Crea F;Gasbarrini A;Addolorato G.
2022

Abstract

Background: The development of alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is related to chronic excessive alcohol use. However, features of early-stage ACM are still unclear. We assessed echocardiographic characteristics of patients with alcohol dependence (DSM-IV criteria) during a six-month treatment period. Methods: Active drinking patients, heavy alcohol users, without heart disease, referred to our Alcohol Addiction Unit were enrolled in the study. After signing informed consent, patients started outpatient treatment program. Echocardiography was performed at enrollment, then three and six months afterwards, by cardiologists blinded to drinking status. Results: Forty-three patients (36 males, 7 females) were enrolled. At six months, 20 patients (46.5%) reduced alcohol consumption below heavy drinking levels. Although within normal range, baseline mean IVS thickness and mean LVDD were significantly higher (p < 0.001) and mean EF significantly reduced (p = 0.009), as compared to age-matched mean references. Mean E/A ratio, DcT and LA diameter were significantly different (p < 0.001) from mean references, but within normal range. Baseline mean E/e' ratio was significantly higher than the mean reference (p < 0.001) and out of the normal range. A significant correlation between the number of drinks per drinking days in the 7 days before baseline assessment and E/e' ratio was observed (p = 0.028). After six months, a trend-level reduction of mean E/e' ratio (p = 0.051) was found in the whole sample; this reduction was statistically significant (p = 0.041) among patients reducing drinking, compared to baseline. Conclusions: Altered E/e' ratio may characterize early-ACM before the occurrence of relevant echocardiographic alterations. The reduction of alcohol consumption could restore this alteration after six months.
eng
Mirijello, A., Sestito, L., Lauria, C., Tarli, C., Vassallo, G., Antonelli, M., D'angelo, C., Ferrulli, A., Crea, F., Cossari, A., Leggio, L., De Cosmo, S., Gasbarrini, A., Addolorato, G., Echocardiographic markers of early alcoholic cardiomyopathy: Six-month longitudinal study in heavy drinking patients, <>, 2022; (N/A): N/A-N/A [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/205473]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/205473
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