Epigenetics is involved in tumor progression and drug resistance in human colorectal carcinoma (CRC). This study addressed the hypothesis that the DNA methylation profiling may predict the clinical behavior of metastatic CRCs (mCRCs). The global methylation profile of two human mCRC subgroups with significantly different outcome was analyzed and compared with gene expression and methylation data from The Cancer Genome Atlas COlon ADenocarcinoma (TCGA COAD) and the NCBI GENE expression Omnibus repository (GEO) GSE48684 mCRCs datasets to identify a prognostic signature of functionally methylated genes. A novel epigenetic signature of eight hypermethylated genes was characterized that was able to identify mCRCs with poor prognosis, which had a CpG-island methylator phenotype (CIMP)-high and microsatellite instability (MSI)-like phenotype. Interestingly, methylation events were enriched in genes located on the q-arm of chromosomes 13 and 20, two chromosomal regions with gain/loss alterations associated with adenoma-to-carcinoma progression. Finally, the expression of the eight-genes signature and MSI-enriching genes was confirmed in oxaliplatin-and irinotecan-resistant CRC cell lines. These data reveal that the hypermethylation of specific genes may provide prognostic information that is able to identify a subgroup of mCRCs with poor prognosis.

Condelli, V., Calice, G., Cassano, A., Basso, M., Rodriquenz, M. G., Zupa, A., Maddalena, F., Crispo, F., Pietrafesa, M., Aieta, M., Sgambato, A., Tortora, G., Zoppoli, P., Landriscina, M., Novel epigenetic eight-gene signature predictive of poor prognosis and msi-like phenotype in human metastatic colorectal carcinomas, <<CANCERS>>, 2021; 13 (1): 1-16. [doi:10.3390/cancers13010158] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/205240]

Novel epigenetic eight-gene signature predictive of poor prognosis and msi-like phenotype in human metastatic colorectal carcinomas

Condelli V.;Sgambato A.;Tortora G.;
2021

Abstract

Epigenetics is involved in tumor progression and drug resistance in human colorectal carcinoma (CRC). This study addressed the hypothesis that the DNA methylation profiling may predict the clinical behavior of metastatic CRCs (mCRCs). The global methylation profile of two human mCRC subgroups with significantly different outcome was analyzed and compared with gene expression and methylation data from The Cancer Genome Atlas COlon ADenocarcinoma (TCGA COAD) and the NCBI GENE expression Omnibus repository (GEO) GSE48684 mCRCs datasets to identify a prognostic signature of functionally methylated genes. A novel epigenetic signature of eight hypermethylated genes was characterized that was able to identify mCRCs with poor prognosis, which had a CpG-island methylator phenotype (CIMP)-high and microsatellite instability (MSI)-like phenotype. Interestingly, methylation events were enriched in genes located on the q-arm of chromosomes 13 and 20, two chromosomal regions with gain/loss alterations associated with adenoma-to-carcinoma progression. Finally, the expression of the eight-genes signature and MSI-enriching genes was confirmed in oxaliplatin-and irinotecan-resistant CRC cell lines. These data reveal that the hypermethylation of specific genes may provide prognostic information that is able to identify a subgroup of mCRCs with poor prognosis.
eng
Condelli, V., Calice, G., Cassano, A., Basso, M., Rodriquenz, M. G., Zupa, A., Maddalena, F., Crispo, F., Pietrafesa, M., Aieta, M., Sgambato, A., Tortora, G., Zoppoli, P., Landriscina, M., Novel epigenetic eight-gene signature predictive of poor prognosis and msi-like phenotype in human metastatic colorectal carcinomas, <>, 2021; 13 (1): 1-16. [doi:10.3390/cancers13010158] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/205240]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/205240
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