The effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) in the motor and cognitive rehabilitation of patients with severe acquired brain injury (sABI) is unclear. This randomized, controlled, crossover, single-blinded, pilot study investigates the cognitive and motor effects of lower limb robotic therapy with and without VR visual feedback in a group of patients with ABI. A total of 23 patients with ABI were randomized into two groups: one group (VR-NVR) underwent a 2-week rehabilitation for the lower limbs training with a robotic device (Omego®) with VR feedback, followed by 2 weeks without VR; the other group (NVR-VR) performed the protocol in the opposite order. Patients were evaluated at baseline, after two and four weeks of treatment using the Level of Cognitive Functioning scale (LCF), Disability Rating Scale (DRS), and Motricity Index for Lower Limb (MI-LL) in the most affected limb. At the end of the intervention, both groups significantly improved in all the outcomes. A significant difference was found between VR treatment versus non-VR treatment for LCF (p = 0.024) and for DRS (p = 0.043) after the second week, while no significant differences were found in the group NVR-VR at T1. Our study indicates how the combination of robotic treatment with VR is effective in enhancing the recovery of cognitive function in patients with ABI, also improving disability and muscular function. Further, VR seems to enhance the early recovery process of motor and cognitive functions.

Fusco, A., Giovannini, S., Castelli, L., Coraci, D., Gatto, D. M., Reale, G., Pastorino, R., Padua, L., Virtual Reality and Lower Limb Rehabilitation: Effects on Motor and Cognitive Outcome—A Crossover Pilot Study, <<JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE>>, 2022; 11 (9): 1-12. [doi:10.3390/jcm11092300] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/203550]

Virtual Reality and Lower Limb Rehabilitation: Effects on Motor and Cognitive Outcome—A Crossover Pilot Study

Fusco, Augusto
Co-primo
;
Giovannini, Silvia
Co-primo
;
Castelli, Letizia
;
Coraci, Daniele;Gatto, Dario Mattia;Reale, Giuseppe;Pastorino, Roberta;Padua, Luca
2022

Abstract

The effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) in the motor and cognitive rehabilitation of patients with severe acquired brain injury (sABI) is unclear. This randomized, controlled, crossover, single-blinded, pilot study investigates the cognitive and motor effects of lower limb robotic therapy with and without VR visual feedback in a group of patients with ABI. A total of 23 patients with ABI were randomized into two groups: one group (VR-NVR) underwent a 2-week rehabilitation for the lower limbs training with a robotic device (Omego®) with VR feedback, followed by 2 weeks without VR; the other group (NVR-VR) performed the protocol in the opposite order. Patients were evaluated at baseline, after two and four weeks of treatment using the Level of Cognitive Functioning scale (LCF), Disability Rating Scale (DRS), and Motricity Index for Lower Limb (MI-LL) in the most affected limb. At the end of the intervention, both groups significantly improved in all the outcomes. A significant difference was found between VR treatment versus non-VR treatment for LCF (p = 0.024) and for DRS (p = 0.043) after the second week, while no significant differences were found in the group NVR-VR at T1. Our study indicates how the combination of robotic treatment with VR is effective in enhancing the recovery of cognitive function in patients with ABI, also improving disability and muscular function. Further, VR seems to enhance the early recovery process of motor and cognitive functions.
Inglese
Fusco, A., Giovannini, S., Castelli, L., Coraci, D., Gatto, D. M., Reale, G., Pastorino, R., Padua, L., Virtual Reality and Lower Limb Rehabilitation: Effects on Motor and Cognitive Outcome—A Crossover Pilot Study, <<JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE>>, 2022; 11 (9): 1-12. [doi:10.3390/jcm11092300] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/203550]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/203550
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact