Obesity associates with premature atherosclerosis and an increased burden of cardiovascular disease, especially when accompanied by abnormalities of lipid and glucose metabolism. Angiopoietin-like (ANGPTL)3 and ANGPTL4 are metabolic regulators, whose upregulation is associated with dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. We analyzed, therefore, changes in circulating ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL4 in obese patients with different metabolic phenotypes and their relation with impaired vasodilator reactivity, an early abnormality in atherosclerosis. Compared to the lean subjects (n = 42), circulating ANGPTL3 was elevated (both p > 0.001) in the patients with metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO; n = 87) and type 2 diabetes (T2D; n = 31), but not in those with metabolically healthy obesity (MHO; n = 48, p > 0.05). Circulating ANGPTL4, by contrast, was increased in all obese subgroups (all p <0.001 vs. lean subjects). Vasodilator responses to both acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside were reduced in the three obese subgroups vs. lean subjects (all p < 0.001), with greater impairment in the patients with T2D than in those with MHO and MUO (all p < 0.05). In the whole population, an inverse relationship (r = 0.27; p = 0.003) was observed between circulating ANGPTL4 and endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation. Circulating ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL4 undergo variable changes in obese patients with different metabolic phenotypes; changes in ANGPTL4 relate to endothelial dysfunction, making this protein a possible target for vascular prevention in these patients.

Schinzari, F., Vizioli, G., Campia, U., Tesauro, M., Cardillo, C., Variable changes of circulating angptl3 and angptl4 in different obese phenotypes: Relationship with vasodilator dysfunction, <<BIOMEDICINES>>, 2021; 9 (8): 1037-N/A. [doi:10.3390/biomedicines9081037] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/202346]

Variable changes of circulating angptl3 and angptl4 in different obese phenotypes: Relationship with vasodilator dysfunction

Schinzari F.;Vizioli G.;Cardillo C.
2021

Abstract

Obesity associates with premature atherosclerosis and an increased burden of cardiovascular disease, especially when accompanied by abnormalities of lipid and glucose metabolism. Angiopoietin-like (ANGPTL)3 and ANGPTL4 are metabolic regulators, whose upregulation is associated with dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. We analyzed, therefore, changes in circulating ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL4 in obese patients with different metabolic phenotypes and their relation with impaired vasodilator reactivity, an early abnormality in atherosclerosis. Compared to the lean subjects (n = 42), circulating ANGPTL3 was elevated (both p > 0.001) in the patients with metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO; n = 87) and type 2 diabetes (T2D; n = 31), but not in those with metabolically healthy obesity (MHO; n = 48, p > 0.05). Circulating ANGPTL4, by contrast, was increased in all obese subgroups (all p <0.001 vs. lean subjects). Vasodilator responses to both acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside were reduced in the three obese subgroups vs. lean subjects (all p < 0.001), with greater impairment in the patients with T2D than in those with MHO and MUO (all p < 0.05). In the whole population, an inverse relationship (r = 0.27; p = 0.003) was observed between circulating ANGPTL4 and endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation. Circulating ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL4 undergo variable changes in obese patients with different metabolic phenotypes; changes in ANGPTL4 relate to endothelial dysfunction, making this protein a possible target for vascular prevention in these patients.
Inglese
Schinzari, F., Vizioli, G., Campia, U., Tesauro, M., Cardillo, C., Variable changes of circulating angptl3 and angptl4 in different obese phenotypes: Relationship with vasodilator dysfunction, <>, 2021; 9 (8): 1037-N/A. [doi:10.3390/biomedicines9081037] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/202346]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/202346
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