Pancreatic cancer (PC) is among the most devastating digestive tract cancers worldwide. This cancer is characterized by poor diagnostic detection, lack of therapy, and difficulty in predicting tumorigenesis progression. Although mutations of key oncogenes and oncosuppressor involved in tumor growth and in immunosurveillance escape are known, the underlying mechanisms that orchestrate PC initiation and progression are poorly understood or still under debate. In recent years, the attention of many researchers has been concentrated on the role of extracellular vesicles and of a particular subset of extracellular vesicles, known as exosomes. Literature data report that these nanovesicles are able to deliver their cargos to recipient cells playing key roles in the pathogenesis and progression of many pancreatic precancerous conditions. In this review, we have summarized and discussed principal cargos of extracellular vesicles characterized in PC, such as miRNAs, lncRNAs, and several proteins, to offer a systematic overview of their function in PC progression. The study of extracellular vesicles is allowing to understand that investigation of their secretion and analysis of their content might represent a new and potential diagnostic and prognostic tools for PC.

Romano, R., Picca, A., Eusebi, L. H. U., Marzetti, E., Calvani, R., Moro, L., Bucci, C., Guerra, F., Extracellular vesicles and pancreatic cancer: Insights on the roles of mirna, lncrna, and protein cargos in cancer progression, <<CELLS>>, 2021; 10 (6): 1-24. [doi:10.3390/cells10061361] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/201064]

Extracellular vesicles and pancreatic cancer: Insights on the roles of mirna, lncrna, and protein cargos in cancer progression

Marzetti, Emanuele;Calvani, Riccardo;
2021

Abstract

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is among the most devastating digestive tract cancers worldwide. This cancer is characterized by poor diagnostic detection, lack of therapy, and difficulty in predicting tumorigenesis progression. Although mutations of key oncogenes and oncosuppressor involved in tumor growth and in immunosurveillance escape are known, the underlying mechanisms that orchestrate PC initiation and progression are poorly understood or still under debate. In recent years, the attention of many researchers has been concentrated on the role of extracellular vesicles and of a particular subset of extracellular vesicles, known as exosomes. Literature data report that these nanovesicles are able to deliver their cargos to recipient cells playing key roles in the pathogenesis and progression of many pancreatic precancerous conditions. In this review, we have summarized and discussed principal cargos of extracellular vesicles characterized in PC, such as miRNAs, lncRNAs, and several proteins, to offer a systematic overview of their function in PC progression. The study of extracellular vesicles is allowing to understand that investigation of their secretion and analysis of their content might represent a new and potential diagnostic and prognostic tools for PC.
2021
Inglese
Romano, R., Picca, A., Eusebi, L. H. U., Marzetti, E., Calvani, R., Moro, L., Bucci, C., Guerra, F., Extracellular vesicles and pancreatic cancer: Insights on the roles of mirna, lncrna, and protein cargos in cancer progression, <<CELLS>>, 2021; 10 (6): 1-24. [doi:10.3390/cells10061361] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/201064]
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