Introduction: Since the beginning of COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare workers (HCWs) have undoubtedly experienced overwhelming levels of strain associated with social and occupational stressors. This study aimed to investigate the potential psychological effects experienced by hospital workers and HCWs and their associated demographical and occupational characteristics during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a public hospital in Rome, Italy, from June 2020 to July 2021. 635 hospital workers (HCWs, administrative and technicians) were enrolled in the study. The “Psychological Injury Risk Indicator” questionnaire was used. Statistical analyses have been made using Student’s T test for categorical binomial variables and analysis of variance for multi-categorical variables. Logistic regression analysis was then performed. Results: 30.6% of the sample was at risk for general psychological impairment; reduced energy recovery was found in 48.0% and sleep problems in 44.7% of them. Female workers reported a two-fold risk for potential psychological impairment compared to male colleagues. Nurses presented a three-fold risk while physicians a two-fold risk for the overall score. Additionally, physicians had a four-fold risk to develop a lack of energy recovery and a three-fold risk for chronic fatigue. Technicians showed a significant double risk for sleep problems and chronic fatigue as well as a three-fold risk for reduced energy recovery. Administrative personnel reported a tendency on sleep problems. Interestingly, agile working was a two-fold protecting factor. No-night shifters have a half risk for reporting problems in energy recovery. Discussion and Conclusion: The measure of agile working is effective to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on mental health by protecting and promoting the psychological wellbeing of HCWs during and after the outbreak.

Di Prinzio, R. R., Bondanini, G., De Falco, F., Vinci, M. R., Camisa, V., Santoro, A., Mucci, N., Dalmasso, G., Giorgi, G., Magnavita, N., Zaffina, S., Need for psychological support and disability management programs during and after the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy: Preliminary findings from a hospital-based occupational health surveillance program, <<JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL SCIENCES>>, 2021; 6 (3): 367-378. [doi:10.19204/2021/ndfr7] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/200145]

Need for psychological support and disability management programs during and after the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy: Preliminary findings from a hospital-based occupational health surveillance program

Di Prinzio R. R.;Vinci M. R.;Camisa V.;Dalmasso G.;Magnavita N.;Zaffina S.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Since the beginning of COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare workers (HCWs) have undoubtedly experienced overwhelming levels of strain associated with social and occupational stressors. This study aimed to investigate the potential psychological effects experienced by hospital workers and HCWs and their associated demographical and occupational characteristics during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a public hospital in Rome, Italy, from June 2020 to July 2021. 635 hospital workers (HCWs, administrative and technicians) were enrolled in the study. The “Psychological Injury Risk Indicator” questionnaire was used. Statistical analyses have been made using Student’s T test for categorical binomial variables and analysis of variance for multi-categorical variables. Logistic regression analysis was then performed. Results: 30.6% of the sample was at risk for general psychological impairment; reduced energy recovery was found in 48.0% and sleep problems in 44.7% of them. Female workers reported a two-fold risk for potential psychological impairment compared to male colleagues. Nurses presented a three-fold risk while physicians a two-fold risk for the overall score. Additionally, physicians had a four-fold risk to develop a lack of energy recovery and a three-fold risk for chronic fatigue. Technicians showed a significant double risk for sleep problems and chronic fatigue as well as a three-fold risk for reduced energy recovery. Administrative personnel reported a tendency on sleep problems. Interestingly, agile working was a two-fold protecting factor. No-night shifters have a half risk for reporting problems in energy recovery. Discussion and Conclusion: The measure of agile working is effective to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on mental health by protecting and promoting the psychological wellbeing of HCWs during and after the outbreak.
Inglese
Di Prinzio, R. R., Bondanini, G., De Falco, F., Vinci, M. R., Camisa, V., Santoro, A., Mucci, N., Dalmasso, G., Giorgi, G., Magnavita, N., Zaffina, S., Need for psychological support and disability management programs during and after the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy: Preliminary findings from a hospital-based occupational health surveillance program, <>, 2021; 6 (3): 367-378. [doi:10.19204/2021/ndfr7] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/200145]
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