Background Anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF) has been providing good surgical, clinical, and radiologic outcomes in patients suffering from cervical degenerative disk disease (DDD). However, the role of anterior plating is still debated, especially in three-level procedures. This study aimed to investigate long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes and complications after three-level contiguous ACDF without plating for cervical DDD. Methods Two institutional databases were retrieved (January 2009-December 2014) for patients treated with three-level contiguous ACDF without plating. Minimum follow-up (FU) was 5 years. Demographical data, smoking status, implant types, Neck Disability Index (NDI), visual analog scale (VAS) for neck pain, complications, fusion rate, adjacent segment degeneration (ASD), cervical lordosis (CL), and residual segmental mobility were evaluated. Results We enrolled 21 patients. Tantalum and carbon fiber cages were implanted, respectively, in 13 and 8 patients. The mean FU length was 5.76 ± 0.87 years. Mean NDI score was 78.29 ± 9.98% preoperatively and 8.29 ± 1.67% at last FU (p < 0.01), whereas mean VAS score decreased from 7.43 ± 1.14 preoperatively to 0.95 ± 0.95 at last FU (p < 0.01). Complications were one postoperative hematoma, one superficial wound infection, and five cases of postoperative dysphagia (recovered within 3 days). The fusion rate was 90% and ASD was reported in three (14%) cases. The mean CL was 6.33 ± 2.70 degrees preoperatively, 8.19 ± 1.97 degrees 3 months after surgery (p = 0.02), and 7.62 ± 1.96 degrees at latest FU. There was no residual mobility on every operated segment at last FU. The smoking status was an independent risk factor for nonfusion in this case series (p = 0.02). Conclusions Three-level contiguous ACDF without plating seems to be an effective treatment for cervical DDD. Properly designed comparative clinical trials are needed to further investigate this topic.

Ricciardi, L., Scerrati, A., Bonis, P. D., Miscusi, M., Trungu, S., Visocchi, M., Papacci, F., Raco, A., Proietti, L., Pompucci, A., Olivi, A., Montano, N., Long-term Radiologic and Clinical Outcomes after Three-level Contiguous Anterior Cervical Diskectomy and Fusion without Plating: A Multicentric Retrospective Study, <<JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGICAL SURGERY. PART A, CENTRAL EUROPEAN NEUROSURGERY>>, 2021; 82 (6): 556-561. [doi:10.1055/s-0041-1726112] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/199773]

Long-term Radiologic and Clinical Outcomes after Three-level Contiguous Anterior Cervical Diskectomy and Fusion without Plating: A Multicentric Retrospective Study

Visocchi M.;Papacci F.;Proietti L.;Pompucci A.;Olivi A.;Montano N.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Background Anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF) has been providing good surgical, clinical, and radiologic outcomes in patients suffering from cervical degenerative disk disease (DDD). However, the role of anterior plating is still debated, especially in three-level procedures. This study aimed to investigate long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes and complications after three-level contiguous ACDF without plating for cervical DDD. Methods Two institutional databases were retrieved (January 2009-December 2014) for patients treated with three-level contiguous ACDF without plating. Minimum follow-up (FU) was 5 years. Demographical data, smoking status, implant types, Neck Disability Index (NDI), visual analog scale (VAS) for neck pain, complications, fusion rate, adjacent segment degeneration (ASD), cervical lordosis (CL), and residual segmental mobility were evaluated. Results We enrolled 21 patients. Tantalum and carbon fiber cages were implanted, respectively, in 13 and 8 patients. The mean FU length was 5.76 ± 0.87 years. Mean NDI score was 78.29 ± 9.98% preoperatively and 8.29 ± 1.67% at last FU (p < 0.01), whereas mean VAS score decreased from 7.43 ± 1.14 preoperatively to 0.95 ± 0.95 at last FU (p < 0.01). Complications were one postoperative hematoma, one superficial wound infection, and five cases of postoperative dysphagia (recovered within 3 days). The fusion rate was 90% and ASD was reported in three (14%) cases. The mean CL was 6.33 ± 2.70 degrees preoperatively, 8.19 ± 1.97 degrees 3 months after surgery (p = 0.02), and 7.62 ± 1.96 degrees at latest FU. There was no residual mobility on every operated segment at last FU. The smoking status was an independent risk factor for nonfusion in this case series (p = 0.02). Conclusions Three-level contiguous ACDF without plating seems to be an effective treatment for cervical DDD. Properly designed comparative clinical trials are needed to further investigate this topic.
Inglese
Ricciardi, L., Scerrati, A., Bonis, P. D., Miscusi, M., Trungu, S., Visocchi, M., Papacci, F., Raco, A., Proietti, L., Pompucci, A., Olivi, A., Montano, N., Long-term Radiologic and Clinical Outcomes after Three-level Contiguous Anterior Cervical Diskectomy and Fusion without Plating: A Multicentric Retrospective Study, <>, 2021; 82 (6): 556-561. [doi:10.1055/s-0041-1726112] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/199773]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/199773
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