Introduction: The use of targeted drug therapies has substantially increased in the treatment of RET-mutated thyroid and other solid cancers over the last decade. Multi-Kinase Inhibitors (MKI) have been approved by FDA, but limited efficacies and side effects make them uneasy to tolerate. Pralsetinib is an oral highly selective RET inhibitor drug that has been generated and clinically validated to have higher potency and less toxicity. Areas covered: The present paper offers a brief summary of RET-related thyroid cancer genetics, an overview of the preclinical development of pralsetinib and reviews its clinical validation in the treatment of thyroid cancer. Expert opinion: Pralsetinib is a new generation oral treatment that has been approved by the FDA for patients with RET-mutated thyroid cancer. Pralsetinib showed a safer toxicity profile compared to previously approved MKI, probably due to lower inhibition of other tyrosine kinases, especially VEGFR. The approval study ARROW trial showed that patients with RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer had a better overall response rate to pralsetinib compared to standard-of-care treatments. Additional clinical trials or data enrichment of existing databases are desirable in order to verify and further describe the clinical benefit of pralsetinib in such patients to fully understand its pharmacological profile.

Locantore, P., Novizio, R., Corsello, A., Paragliola, R. M., Pontecorvi, A., Corsello, S. M., Discovery, preclinical development, and clinical application of pralsetinib in the treatment of thyroid cancer, <<EXPERT OPINION ON DRUG DISCOVERY>>, 2022; 17 (2): 101-107. [doi:10.1080/17460441.2022.1995351] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/197348]

Discovery, preclinical development, and clinical application of pralsetinib in the treatment of thyroid cancer

Locantore, P.;Novizio, R.;Corsello, A.;Paragliola, R. M.;Pontecorvi, A.;Corsello, S. M.
2022

Abstract

Introduction: The use of targeted drug therapies has substantially increased in the treatment of RET-mutated thyroid and other solid cancers over the last decade. Multi-Kinase Inhibitors (MKI) have been approved by FDA, but limited efficacies and side effects make them uneasy to tolerate. Pralsetinib is an oral highly selective RET inhibitor drug that has been generated and clinically validated to have higher potency and less toxicity. Areas covered: The present paper offers a brief summary of RET-related thyroid cancer genetics, an overview of the preclinical development of pralsetinib and reviews its clinical validation in the treatment of thyroid cancer. Expert opinion: Pralsetinib is a new generation oral treatment that has been approved by the FDA for patients with RET-mutated thyroid cancer. Pralsetinib showed a safer toxicity profile compared to previously approved MKI, probably due to lower inhibition of other tyrosine kinases, especially VEGFR. The approval study ARROW trial showed that patients with RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer had a better overall response rate to pralsetinib compared to standard-of-care treatments. Additional clinical trials or data enrichment of existing databases are desirable in order to verify and further describe the clinical benefit of pralsetinib in such patients to fully understand its pharmacological profile.
2022
Inglese
Locantore, P., Novizio, R., Corsello, A., Paragliola, R. M., Pontecorvi, A., Corsello, S. M., Discovery, preclinical development, and clinical application of pralsetinib in the treatment of thyroid cancer, <<EXPERT OPINION ON DRUG DISCOVERY>>, 2022; 17 (2): 101-107. [doi:10.1080/17460441.2022.1995351] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/197348]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/197348
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