Aims: Insulin potentiates glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. These effects are attenuated in beta cell–specific insulin receptor knockout mice and insulin resistant humans. This investigation examines whether short duration insulin exposure regulates beta cell responsiveness to arginine, a non-glucose secretagogue, in healthy humans. Materials and methods: Arginine-stimulated insulin secretion was studied in 10 healthy humans. In each subject arginine was administered as a bolus followed by continuous infusion on two occasions one month apart, after sham/saline or hyperinsulinemic-isoglycemic clamp, respectively providing low and high insulin pre-exposure conditions. Arginine-stimulated insulin secretion was measured by C-peptide deconvolution, and by a selective immunogenic (DAKO) assay for direct measurement of endogenous but not exogenous insulin. Results: Pre-exposure to exogenous insulin augmented arginine-stimulated insulin secretion. The effect was seen acutely following arginine bolus (endogenous DAKO insulin incremental AUC240-255min 311.6 ± 208.1 (post-insulin exposure) versus 120.6 ± 42.2 μU/ml•min (sham/saline) (t-test P = 0.021)), as well as in response to continuous arginine infusion (DAKO insulin incremental AUC260-290min 1095.3 ± 592.1 (sham/saline) versus 564.8 ± 207.1 μU/ml•min (high insulin)(P = 0.009)). Findings were similar when beta cell response was assessed using C-peptide, insulin secretion rates by deconvolution, and the C-peptide to glucose ratio. Conclusions: We demonstrate a physiologic role of insulin in regulation of the beta cell secretory response to arginine.

Halperin, F., Mezza, T., Li, P., Shirakawa, J., Kulkarni, R. N., Goldfine, A. B., Insulin regulates arginine-stimulated insulin secretion in humans, <<METABOLISM, CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL>>, 2022; 128 (N/A): 155117-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2021.155117] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/197042]

Insulin regulates arginine-stimulated insulin secretion in humans

Mezza, T.;
2022

Abstract

Aims: Insulin potentiates glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. These effects are attenuated in beta cell–specific insulin receptor knockout mice and insulin resistant humans. This investigation examines whether short duration insulin exposure regulates beta cell responsiveness to arginine, a non-glucose secretagogue, in healthy humans. Materials and methods: Arginine-stimulated insulin secretion was studied in 10 healthy humans. In each subject arginine was administered as a bolus followed by continuous infusion on two occasions one month apart, after sham/saline or hyperinsulinemic-isoglycemic clamp, respectively providing low and high insulin pre-exposure conditions. Arginine-stimulated insulin secretion was measured by C-peptide deconvolution, and by a selective immunogenic (DAKO) assay for direct measurement of endogenous but not exogenous insulin. Results: Pre-exposure to exogenous insulin augmented arginine-stimulated insulin secretion. The effect was seen acutely following arginine bolus (endogenous DAKO insulin incremental AUC240-255min 311.6 ± 208.1 (post-insulin exposure) versus 120.6 ± 42.2 μU/ml•min (sham/saline) (t-test P = 0.021)), as well as in response to continuous arginine infusion (DAKO insulin incremental AUC260-290min 1095.3 ± 592.1 (sham/saline) versus 564.8 ± 207.1 μU/ml•min (high insulin)(P = 0.009)). Findings were similar when beta cell response was assessed using C-peptide, insulin secretion rates by deconvolution, and the C-peptide to glucose ratio. Conclusions: We demonstrate a physiologic role of insulin in regulation of the beta cell secretory response to arginine.
Inglese
Halperin, F., Mezza, T., Li, P., Shirakawa, J., Kulkarni, R. N., Goldfine, A. B., Insulin regulates arginine-stimulated insulin secretion in humans, <<METABOLISM, CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL>>, 2022; 128 (N/A): 155117-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2021.155117] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/197042]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/197042
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