This chapter surveys the main contributions in the behavioral economics literature dealing with the study of interactions between human and ‘artificial’ agents. While human-computer interactions have been extensively studied in the last decade, Artificial Intelligence and humanoid robots have entered the focus of attention of behavioral economics only very recently. Early studies used artificial agents as a ‘trick’ to observe a subject’s reaction ‘free’ from other confounding factors (such as gender, ethnicity, age etc.) intrinsically embedded in confederate human partners. More recent works study the occurrence of similar or dissimilar behaviors based on the partners’ nature. The experimental evidence surveyed in this chapter shows that interactions with artificial agents trigger less of an emotional response in the subjects, while subjects tend to extend to humanoid robots similar attributes that they attach to human beings, provided that robots are able to display emotions, empathy and effective and context-related communication. The description of the main results of an original experiment, devised by the authors, concludes the paper.

Maggioni, M. A., Rossignoli, D., Of Men, Machines and Their Interactive Behavior. When AI and Robotics Meet Behavioral Economics, in Giuseppe Riv, G. R., Antonella Marchett, A. M. (ed.), Humane Robotics. A multidisciplinary approach towards the development of humane-centered technologies, Vita e Pensiero, Milano 2022: 237- 256 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/196941]

Of Men, Machines and Their Interactive Behavior. When AI and Robotics Meet Behavioral Economics

Maggioni, Mario A.;Rossignoli, Domenico
2022

Abstract

This chapter surveys the main contributions in the behavioral economics literature dealing with the study of interactions between human and ‘artificial’ agents. While human-computer interactions have been extensively studied in the last decade, Artificial Intelligence and humanoid robots have entered the focus of attention of behavioral economics only very recently. Early studies used artificial agents as a ‘trick’ to observe a subject’s reaction ‘free’ from other confounding factors (such as gender, ethnicity, age etc.) intrinsically embedded in confederate human partners. More recent works study the occurrence of similar or dissimilar behaviors based on the partners’ nature. The experimental evidence surveyed in this chapter shows that interactions with artificial agents trigger less of an emotional response in the subjects, while subjects tend to extend to humanoid robots similar attributes that they attach to human beings, provided that robots are able to display emotions, empathy and effective and context-related communication. The description of the main results of an original experiment, devised by the authors, concludes the paper.
Inglese
Humane Robotics. A multidisciplinary approach towards the development of humane-centered technologies
978-88-343-4618-1
Vita e Pensiero
Maggioni, M. A., Rossignoli, D., Of Men, Machines and Their Interactive Behavior. When AI and Robotics Meet Behavioral Economics, in Giuseppe Riv, G. R., Antonella Marchett, A. M. (ed.), Humane Robotics. A multidisciplinary approach towards the development of humane-centered technologies, Vita e Pensiero, Milano 2022: 237- 256 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/196941]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/196941
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