ALS is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that is associated with muscle atrophy, motoneuron degeneration and denervation. Different mechanisms have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of the disease; in this context, microRNAs have been described as biomarkers and potential pathogenetic factors for ALS. MyomiRs are microRNAs produced by skeletal muscle, and they play an important role in tissue homeostasis; moreover, they can be released in blood circulation in pathological conditions, including ALS. However, the functional role of myomiRs in muscle denervation has not yet been fully clarified. In this study, we analyze the levels of two myomiRs, namely miR-206 and miR-133a, in skeletal muscle and blood samples of denervated mice, and we demonstrate that surgical denervation reduces the expression of both miR-206 and miR-133a, while miR-206 but not miR-133a is upregulated during the re-innervation process. Furthermore, we quantify the levels of miR-206 and miR-133a in serum samples of two ALS mouse models, characterized by different disease velocities, and we demonstrate a different modulation of circulating myomiRs during ALS disease, according to the velocity of disease progression. Moreover, taking into account surgical and pathological denervation, we describe a different response to increasing amounts of circulating miR-206, suggesting a hormetic effect of miR-206 in relation to changes in neuromuscular communication.

Casola, I., Scicchitano, B. M., Lepore, E., Mandillo, S., Golini, E., Nicoletti, C., Barberi, L., Dobrowolny, G., Musaro, A., Circulating myomirs in muscle denervation: From surgical to als pathological condition, <<CELLS>>, 2021; 10 (8): 2043-N/A. [doi:10.3390/cells10082043] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/196184]

Circulating myomirs in muscle denervation: From surgical to als pathological condition

Scicchitano, Bianca Maria;
2021

Abstract

ALS is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that is associated with muscle atrophy, motoneuron degeneration and denervation. Different mechanisms have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of the disease; in this context, microRNAs have been described as biomarkers and potential pathogenetic factors for ALS. MyomiRs are microRNAs produced by skeletal muscle, and they play an important role in tissue homeostasis; moreover, they can be released in blood circulation in pathological conditions, including ALS. However, the functional role of myomiRs in muscle denervation has not yet been fully clarified. In this study, we analyze the levels of two myomiRs, namely miR-206 and miR-133a, in skeletal muscle and blood samples of denervated mice, and we demonstrate that surgical denervation reduces the expression of both miR-206 and miR-133a, while miR-206 but not miR-133a is upregulated during the re-innervation process. Furthermore, we quantify the levels of miR-206 and miR-133a in serum samples of two ALS mouse models, characterized by different disease velocities, and we demonstrate a different modulation of circulating myomiRs during ALS disease, according to the velocity of disease progression. Moreover, taking into account surgical and pathological denervation, we describe a different response to increasing amounts of circulating miR-206, suggesting a hormetic effect of miR-206 in relation to changes in neuromuscular communication.
2021
Inglese
Casola, I., Scicchitano, B. M., Lepore, E., Mandillo, S., Golini, E., Nicoletti, C., Barberi, L., Dobrowolny, G., Musaro, A., Circulating myomirs in muscle denervation: From surgical to als pathological condition, <<CELLS>>, 2021; 10 (8): 2043-N/A. [doi:10.3390/cells10082043] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/196184]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/196184
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