The COVID-19 pandemic has created new opportunities for organized criminal groups and confronted them with new challenges. Analysis of how these groups have reacted to the pandemic yields better understanding of how they work and enables the devising of more effective counter-strategies. To this end, we identified illustrative cases regarding the provision of illegal governance and infiltration of the legal economy by conducting a systematic content analysis of international media articles and institutional reports published during the first eight months after the outbreak of the pandemic (January to August 2020). These cases were further analyzed in order to cluster the behavior of criminal groups in response to the COVID-19 emergency, and the means by which they tried to exploit the pandemic to strengthen their political and economic power. We found that different governance-type criminal groups proposed themselves as institutions able to mitigate the burdens imposed by the pandemic by providing support to people in need and enforcing social-distancing measures. Further, identified cases did not provide evidence of groups devoted to the provision of illicit services and goods assuming any governance role. In this respect, the available evidence supports previous knowledge about organized crime. Cases of misappropriation of public funds and organized crime infiltration of the legal economy seem less common, at least in the first phase of the pandemic. The wholesale distribution of pharmaceuticals and medicines has been the sector targeted the most.

Aziani, A., Bertoni, G. A., Maria, J., Riccardi, M., COVID-19 and Organized Crime: Strategies employed by criminal groups to increase their profits and power in the first months of the pandemic, <<TRENDS IN ORGANIZED CRIME>>, 2021; (N/A): 1-22. [doi:10.1007/s12117-021-09434-x] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/184583]

COVID-19 and Organized Crime: Strategies employed by criminal groups to increase their profits and power in the first months of the pandemic

Aziani, Alberto
Primo
;
Bertoni, Gianluca A.
Secondo
;
Maria, Jofre
Penultimo
;
Riccardi, Michele
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has created new opportunities for organized criminal groups and confronted them with new challenges. Analysis of how these groups have reacted to the pandemic yields better understanding of how they work and enables the devising of more effective counter-strategies. To this end, we identified illustrative cases regarding the provision of illegal governance and infiltration of the legal economy by conducting a systematic content analysis of international media articles and institutional reports published during the first eight months after the outbreak of the pandemic (January to August 2020). These cases were further analyzed in order to cluster the behavior of criminal groups in response to the COVID-19 emergency, and the means by which they tried to exploit the pandemic to strengthen their political and economic power. We found that different governance-type criminal groups proposed themselves as institutions able to mitigate the burdens imposed by the pandemic by providing support to people in need and enforcing social-distancing measures. Further, identified cases did not provide evidence of groups devoted to the provision of illicit services and goods assuming any governance role. In this respect, the available evidence supports previous knowledge about organized crime. Cases of misappropriation of public funds and organized crime infiltration of the legal economy seem less common, at least in the first phase of the pandemic. The wholesale distribution of pharmaceuticals and medicines has been the sector targeted the most.
2021
Inglese
Aziani, A., Bertoni, G. A., Maria, J., Riccardi, M., COVID-19 and Organized Crime: Strategies employed by criminal groups to increase their profits and power in the first months of the pandemic, <<TRENDS IN ORGANIZED CRIME>>, 2021; (N/A): 1-22. [doi:10.1007/s12117-021-09434-x] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/184583]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Aziani et al. (2021) COVID-19 and Organized Crime_ Strategies employed by criminal groups to increase their profits and power in the first months of the pandemic.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Aziani et al. (2021) COVID-19 and Organized Crime_ Strategies employed by criminal groups to increase their profits and power in the first months of the pandemic
Tipologia file ?: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 912.4 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
912.4 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/184583
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact