Objective During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential to understand if and how to screen SARSCoV-2-positive athletes to safely resume training and competitions. The aim of this study is to understand which investigations are useful in a screening protocol aimed at protecting health but also avoiding inappropriate examinations. Methods We conducted a cohort study of a professional soccer team that is based on an extensive screening protocol for resuming training during the COVID-19 pandemic. It included personal history, antigen swabs, blood tests, spirometry, resting/stress-test ECG with oxygen saturation monitoring, echocardiogram, Holter and chest CT. We also compared the findings with prior data from the same subjects before infection and with data from SARS-CoV-2-negative players. Results None of the players had positive swab and/ or anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM class antibodies. Out of 30 players, 18 (60%) had IgG class antibodies. None had suffered severe SARS-CoV-2-related disease, 12 (66.7%) had complained of mild COVID-19-related symptoms and 6 (33.3%) were asymptomatic. None of the players we examined revealed significant cardiovascular abnormalities after clinical recovery. A mild reduction in spirometry parameters versus pre-COVID-19 values was observed in all athletes, but it was statistically significant (p<0.05) only in SARS-CoV-2-positive athletes. One SARS-CoV-2-positive player showed increased troponin I level, but extensive investigation did not show signs of myocardial damage. Conclusion In this small cohort of athletes with previous asymptomatic/mild SARS-CoV-2 infection, a comprehensive screening protocol including blood tests, spirometry, resting ECG, stress-test ECG with oxygen saturation monitoring and echocardiogram did not identify relevant anomalies. While larger studies are needed, extensive cardiorespiratory and haematological screening in athletes with asymptomatic/mild SARSCoV-2 infection appears unnecessary

Gervasi, S., Pengue, L., Damato, L., Monti, R., Pradella, S., Pirronti, T., Bartoloni, A., Epifani, F., Saggese, A., Cuccaro, F., Bianco, M., Zeppilli, P., Palmieri, V., Is extensive cardio-pulmonary screening useful in athletes with previous asymptomatic or mild SARS-CoV-2 infection?, <<BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE>>, 1; (55): 54-61. [doi:10.1136/bjsports-2020-102789] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/179008]

Is extensive cardio-pulmonary screening useful in athletes with previous asymptomatic or mild SARS-CoV-2 infection?

Gervasi, Sf;Monti, R;Pirronti, T;Bianco, M;Zeppilli, P;Palmieri, V
2021

Abstract

Objective During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential to understand if and how to screen SARSCoV-2-positive athletes to safely resume training and competitions. The aim of this study is to understand which investigations are useful in a screening protocol aimed at protecting health but also avoiding inappropriate examinations. Methods We conducted a cohort study of a professional soccer team that is based on an extensive screening protocol for resuming training during the COVID-19 pandemic. It included personal history, antigen swabs, blood tests, spirometry, resting/stress-test ECG with oxygen saturation monitoring, echocardiogram, Holter and chest CT. We also compared the findings with prior data from the same subjects before infection and with data from SARS-CoV-2-negative players. Results None of the players had positive swab and/ or anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM class antibodies. Out of 30 players, 18 (60%) had IgG class antibodies. None had suffered severe SARS-CoV-2-related disease, 12 (66.7%) had complained of mild COVID-19-related symptoms and 6 (33.3%) were asymptomatic. None of the players we examined revealed significant cardiovascular abnormalities after clinical recovery. A mild reduction in spirometry parameters versus pre-COVID-19 values was observed in all athletes, but it was statistically significant (p<0.05) only in SARS-CoV-2-positive athletes. One SARS-CoV-2-positive player showed increased troponin I level, but extensive investigation did not show signs of myocardial damage. Conclusion In this small cohort of athletes with previous asymptomatic/mild SARS-CoV-2 infection, a comprehensive screening protocol including blood tests, spirometry, resting ECG, stress-test ECG with oxygen saturation monitoring and echocardiogram did not identify relevant anomalies. While larger studies are needed, extensive cardiorespiratory and haematological screening in athletes with asymptomatic/mild SARSCoV-2 infection appears unnecessary
Inglese
Gervasi, S., Pengue, L., Damato, L., Monti, R., Pradella, S., Pirronti, T., Bartoloni, A., Epifani, F., Saggese, A., Cuccaro, F., Bianco, M., Zeppilli, P., Palmieri, V., Is extensive cardio-pulmonary screening useful in athletes with previous asymptomatic or mild SARS-CoV-2 infection?, <<BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE>>, 1; (55): 54-61. [doi:10.1136/bjsports-2020-102789] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/179008]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/179008
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