Previous studies have shown that experiential avoidance (EA) is associated with physical and psychological well-being in medical and non-medical samples. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the reciprocal association between psychological well-being and EA over time among cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients with moderately to severely low levels of psychological well-being. Pre-CR data on demographic characteristics, measures of psychological well-being, and cardiac-specific EA were collected from 915 CR patients, as well as post-CR psychological well-being and EA data, from 800 of these patients. A cross-lagged model was estimated to examine the relationship between EA and psychological well-being among patients with moderately to severely low levels of psychological well-being based on questionnaire scores. Both EA and psychological well-being significantly changed during CR and were negatively associated with each other at both pre-and post-CR. Results from cross-lagged structural equation modeling supported a nonreciprocal association between EA and psychological well-being during CR. Pre-CR assessment of EA in patients showing low levels of well-being at the beginning of CR could help to identify patients at risk for worse psychological outcomes. EA could be a promising target of psychological treatments administered during CR.

Am Spatola, C., Giusti, E. M., Rapelli, G., Goodwin, C., Cattivelli, R., Pietrabissa, G., Malfatto, G., Facchini, M., Castelnuovo, G., Molinari, E., Cardiac‐specific experiential avoidance predicts change in general psychological well‐being among patients completing cardiac rehabilitation, <<APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY. HEALTH AND WELL-BEING>>, 2021; (N/A): 1-13. [doi:10.1111/aphw.12260] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/176720]

Cardiac‐specific experiential avoidance predicts change in general psychological well‐being among patients completing cardiac rehabilitation

Giusti, Emanuele Maria
;
Rapelli, Giada;Cattivelli, Roberto;Pietrabissa, Giada;Castelnuovo, Gianluca;Molinari, Enrico
2021

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that experiential avoidance (EA) is associated with physical and psychological well-being in medical and non-medical samples. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the reciprocal association between psychological well-being and EA over time among cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients with moderately to severely low levels of psychological well-being. Pre-CR data on demographic characteristics, measures of psychological well-being, and cardiac-specific EA were collected from 915 CR patients, as well as post-CR psychological well-being and EA data, from 800 of these patients. A cross-lagged model was estimated to examine the relationship between EA and psychological well-being among patients with moderately to severely low levels of psychological well-being based on questionnaire scores. Both EA and psychological well-being significantly changed during CR and were negatively associated with each other at both pre-and post-CR. Results from cross-lagged structural equation modeling supported a nonreciprocal association between EA and psychological well-being during CR. Pre-CR assessment of EA in patients showing low levels of well-being at the beginning of CR could help to identify patients at risk for worse psychological outcomes. EA could be a promising target of psychological treatments administered during CR.
Inglese
Am Spatola, C., Giusti, E. M., Rapelli, G., Goodwin, C., Cattivelli, R., Pietrabissa, G., Malfatto, G., Facchini, M., Castelnuovo, G., Molinari, E., Cardiac‐specific experiential avoidance predicts change in general psychological well‐being among patients completing cardiac rehabilitation, <<APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY. HEALTH AND WELL-BEING>>, 2021; (N/A): 1-13. [doi:10.1111/aphw.12260] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/176720]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/176720
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact