OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether echocardiography may help identify, among patients admitted with a suspect of non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), those with athero-thrombotic coronary artery disease (CAD).PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied consecutive patients admitted with a clinical suspect of first NSTEMI. Echocardiography was assessed within 24 hours from admission. Patients were divided into two groups. according to the results of coronary angiography: 1) patients with obstructive stenosis (>= 50%) and/or images of thrombosis in one or more coronary arteries (CAD group); 2) patients with no evidence of obstructive coronary arteries (NOCAD group).RESULTS: Of 101 patients enrolled in the study, 53 (52.5%) showed obstructive CAD and 48 (47.5%) NOCAD. At echocardiographic examination, regional wall motion abnormalities were found in 52.8% of patients in the CAD group and 43.7% in the NOCAD group (p=0.43). Left ventricle ejection fraction was 56.4 +/- 6.8 vs. 54.7 +/- 9.8% (p=0.30) and wall motion score index was 1.16 +/- 0.26 vs. 1.21 +/- 0.32 (p=0.39) in the two groups, respectively. A multivariable logistic regression independent predictors of obstructive CAD included age, male gender, typical angina. diabetes and hypertension.CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed that. in patients with acute chest pain and increased serum troponin T concentration, routine standard echocardiography does not significantly improve the diagnostic accuracy for the presence of obstructive CAD.

Manfredonia, L., Lanza, G., Crudo, F., Lamendola, P., Graziani, F., Villano, A., Locorotondo, G., Melita, V., Mencarelli, E., Pennestri, F., Lombardo, A., De Vita, A., Ravenna, S., Bisignani, A., Crea, F., Diagnostic role of echocardiography in patients admitted to the emergency room with suspect no-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction, <<EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES>>, 2019; 23 (2): 826-832. [doi:10.26355/eurrev_201901_16897] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/170578]

Diagnostic role of echocardiography in patients admitted to the emergency room with suspect no-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction

Lanza, GA;Crudo, F;Graziani, F;Villano, A;Lombardo, A;De Vita, A;Bisignani, A;Crea, F
2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether echocardiography may help identify, among patients admitted with a suspect of non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), those with athero-thrombotic coronary artery disease (CAD).PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied consecutive patients admitted with a clinical suspect of first NSTEMI. Echocardiography was assessed within 24 hours from admission. Patients were divided into two groups. according to the results of coronary angiography: 1) patients with obstructive stenosis (>= 50%) and/or images of thrombosis in one or more coronary arteries (CAD group); 2) patients with no evidence of obstructive coronary arteries (NOCAD group).RESULTS: Of 101 patients enrolled in the study, 53 (52.5%) showed obstructive CAD and 48 (47.5%) NOCAD. At echocardiographic examination, regional wall motion abnormalities were found in 52.8% of patients in the CAD group and 43.7% in the NOCAD group (p=0.43). Left ventricle ejection fraction was 56.4 +/- 6.8 vs. 54.7 +/- 9.8% (p=0.30) and wall motion score index was 1.16 +/- 0.26 vs. 1.21 +/- 0.32 (p=0.39) in the two groups, respectively. A multivariable logistic regression independent predictors of obstructive CAD included age, male gender, typical angina. diabetes and hypertension.CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed that. in patients with acute chest pain and increased serum troponin T concentration, routine standard echocardiography does not significantly improve the diagnostic accuracy for the presence of obstructive CAD.
Inglese
Manfredonia, L., Lanza, G., Crudo, F., Lamendola, P., Graziani, F., Villano, A., Locorotondo, G., Melita, V., Mencarelli, E., Pennestri, F., Lombardo, A., De Vita, A., Ravenna, S., Bisignani, A., Crea, F., Diagnostic role of echocardiography in patients admitted to the emergency room with suspect no-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction, <>, 2019; 23 (2): 826-832. [doi:10.26355/eurrev_201901_16897] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/170578]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/170578
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