The pathophysiology of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is quite complex and different mechanisms could contribute to hyperandrogenism and anovulation, which are the main features of the syndrome. Obesity and insulin-resistance are claimed as the principal factors contributing to the clinical presentation; in normal weight PCOS either, increased visceral adipose tissue has been described. However, their role is still debated, as debated are the biochemical markers linked to obesity per se. Oxidative stress (OS) and low-grade inflammation (LGI) have recently been a matter of researcher attention; they can influence each other in a reciprocal vicious cycle. In this review, we summarize the main mechanism of radical generation and the link with LGI. Furthermore, we discuss papers in favor or against the role of obesity as the first pathogenetic factor, and show how OS itself, on the contrary, can induce obesity and insulin resistance; in particular, the role of GH-IGF-1 axis is highlighted. Finally, the possible consequences on vitamin D synthesis and activation on the immune system are briefly discussed. This review intends to underline the key role of oxidative stress and low-grade inflammation in the physiopathology of PCOS, they can cause or worsen obesity, insulin-resistance, vitamin D deficiency, and immune dyscrasia, suggesting an inverse interaction to what is usually considered.

Mancini, A., Bruno, C., Vergani, E., D'abate, C., Giacchi, E., Silvestrini, A., Oxidative stress and low-grade inflammation in polycystic ovary syndrome: Controversies and new insights, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES>>, 2021; 22 (4): 1-16. [doi:10.3390/ijms22041667] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/169047]

Oxidative stress and low-grade inflammation in polycystic ovary syndrome: Controversies and new insights

Mancini, A.
;
Bruno, C.;Vergani, E.;Silvestrini, A.
2021

Abstract

The pathophysiology of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is quite complex and different mechanisms could contribute to hyperandrogenism and anovulation, which are the main features of the syndrome. Obesity and insulin-resistance are claimed as the principal factors contributing to the clinical presentation; in normal weight PCOS either, increased visceral adipose tissue has been described. However, their role is still debated, as debated are the biochemical markers linked to obesity per se. Oxidative stress (OS) and low-grade inflammation (LGI) have recently been a matter of researcher attention; they can influence each other in a reciprocal vicious cycle. In this review, we summarize the main mechanism of radical generation and the link with LGI. Furthermore, we discuss papers in favor or against the role of obesity as the first pathogenetic factor, and show how OS itself, on the contrary, can induce obesity and insulin resistance; in particular, the role of GH-IGF-1 axis is highlighted. Finally, the possible consequences on vitamin D synthesis and activation on the immune system are briefly discussed. This review intends to underline the key role of oxidative stress and low-grade inflammation in the physiopathology of PCOS, they can cause or worsen obesity, insulin-resistance, vitamin D deficiency, and immune dyscrasia, suggesting an inverse interaction to what is usually considered.
Inglese
Mancini, A., Bruno, C., Vergani, E., D'abate, C., Giacchi, E., Silvestrini, A., Oxidative stress and low-grade inflammation in polycystic ovary syndrome: Controversies and new insights, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES>>, 2021; 22 (4): 1-16. [doi:10.3390/ijms22041667] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/169047]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/169047
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