To make their business profitable, oil multinationals have to include in their strategies the transport of crude oil from production sites to markets. This article focuses on Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi (Eni), the Italian state-owned oil company – a significant firm in the oil industry in the second half of the twentieth century – to show how oil businesses have overcome trading limitations by establishing transportation systems comprising ships, ports and pipelines. Initially, the article focuses on the relationship between oil market growth and the development of oil transport from 1945 until the early 1970s. Secondly, it analyses the growth of Eni’s fleet and the increase in ship size, emphasising limitations and constraints in an international perspective. Finally, the development of ports and pipelines – vital links in the oil supply chain – is assessed.

Suffia, I., Locatelli, A. M., Romano, M., Oil transportation: Eni’s fleet, Italian ports and pipelines, 1950-1980, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARITIME HISTORY>>, 2020; (Vol. 32(4)): 900-927. [doi:10.1177/0843871420974063] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/167586]

Oil transportation: Eni’s fleet, Italian ports and pipelines, 1950-1980

Suffia, Ilaria;Locatelli, Andrea Maria;
2020

Abstract

To make their business profitable, oil multinationals have to include in their strategies the transport of crude oil from production sites to markets. This article focuses on Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi (Eni), the Italian state-owned oil company – a significant firm in the oil industry in the second half of the twentieth century – to show how oil businesses have overcome trading limitations by establishing transportation systems comprising ships, ports and pipelines. Initially, the article focuses on the relationship between oil market growth and the development of oil transport from 1945 until the early 1970s. Secondly, it analyses the growth of Eni’s fleet and the increase in ship size, emphasising limitations and constraints in an international perspective. Finally, the development of ports and pipelines – vital links in the oil supply chain – is assessed.
Inglese
Suffia, I., Locatelli, A. M., Romano, M., Oil transportation: Eni’s fleet, Italian ports and pipelines, 1950-1980, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARITIME HISTORY>>, 2020; (Vol. 32(4)): 900-927. [doi:10.1177/0843871420974063] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/167586]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/167586
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