Background: In critically ill patients continuous EEG (cEEG) is recommended in several conditions. Recently, a new wireless EEG headset (CerebAir®,Nihon-Kohden) is available. It has 8 electrodes, and its positioning seems to be easier than conventional systems. Aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of this device for cEEG monitoring, if positioned by ICU physician. Methods: Neurological patients were divided in two groups according with the admission to Neuro-ICU (Study-group:20 patients) or General-ICU (Control-group:20 patients). In Study group, cEEG was recorded by CerebAir® assembled by an ICU physician, while in Control group a simplified 8-electrodes-EEG recording positioned by an EEG technician was performed. Results: Time for electrodes applying was shorter in Study-group than in Control-group: 6.2 ± 1.1′ vs 10.4 ± 2.3′; p < 0.0001. Thirty five interventions were necessary to correct artifacts in Study-group and 11 in Control-group. EEG abnormalities with or without epileptic meaning were respectively 7(35%) and 7(35%) in Study-group, and 5(25%) and 9(45%) in Control-group;p > 0.05. In Study-group, cEEG was interrupted for risk of skin lesions in 4 cases after 52 ± 4 h. cEEG was obtained without EEG technician in all cases in Study-group; quality of EEG was similar. Conclusions: Although several limitations should be considered, this simplified EEG system could be feasible even if EEG technician was not present. It was faster to position if compared with standard techniques, and can be used for continuous EEG monitoring. It could be very useful as part of diagnostic process in an emergency setting.

Caricato, A., Della Marca, G., Ioannoni, E., Silva, S., Benzi Markushi, T., Stival, E., Biasucci, D. G., Montano, N., Gelormini, C., Melchionda, I., Continuous EEG monitoring by a new simplified wireless headset in intensive care unit, <<BMC ANESTHESIOLOGY>>, 2020; 20 (1): 298-303. [doi:10.1186/s12871-020-01213-5] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/165556]

Continuous EEG monitoring by a new simplified wireless headset in intensive care unit

Caricato, Anselmo
;
Della Marca, Giacomo;Montano, Nicola;
2020

Abstract

Background: In critically ill patients continuous EEG (cEEG) is recommended in several conditions. Recently, a new wireless EEG headset (CerebAir®,Nihon-Kohden) is available. It has 8 electrodes, and its positioning seems to be easier than conventional systems. Aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of this device for cEEG monitoring, if positioned by ICU physician. Methods: Neurological patients were divided in two groups according with the admission to Neuro-ICU (Study-group:20 patients) or General-ICU (Control-group:20 patients). In Study group, cEEG was recorded by CerebAir® assembled by an ICU physician, while in Control group a simplified 8-electrodes-EEG recording positioned by an EEG technician was performed. Results: Time for electrodes applying was shorter in Study-group than in Control-group: 6.2 ± 1.1′ vs 10.4 ± 2.3′; p < 0.0001. Thirty five interventions were necessary to correct artifacts in Study-group and 11 in Control-group. EEG abnormalities with or without epileptic meaning were respectively 7(35%) and 7(35%) in Study-group, and 5(25%) and 9(45%) in Control-group;p > 0.05. In Study-group, cEEG was interrupted for risk of skin lesions in 4 cases after 52 ± 4 h. cEEG was obtained without EEG technician in all cases in Study-group; quality of EEG was similar. Conclusions: Although several limitations should be considered, this simplified EEG system could be feasible even if EEG technician was not present. It was faster to position if compared with standard techniques, and can be used for continuous EEG monitoring. It could be very useful as part of diagnostic process in an emergency setting.
2020
Inglese
Caricato, A., Della Marca, G., Ioannoni, E., Silva, S., Benzi Markushi, T., Stival, E., Biasucci, D. G., Montano, N., Gelormini, C., Melchionda, I., Continuous EEG monitoring by a new simplified wireless headset in intensive care unit, <<BMC ANESTHESIOLOGY>>, 2020; 20 (1): 298-303. [doi:10.1186/s12871-020-01213-5] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/165556]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/165556
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