Objectives: Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) represents a major indication of antibiotic consumption worldwide. The present study aims to report the results of an enabling, long-term AMS intervention conducted between 2013 and 2019 on an Italian University Hospital performing more than 40.000 surgical interventions per year. Methods: SAP inappropriateness was defined according to the ASHP guidelines and divided in four main categories: indication, selection and dosing, duration, timing. Between 2013 and 2019, we conducted a continuative AMS intervention over 14 surgical departments that included enablement, review of selected clinical records and feedback. Results: We collected a total of 789 SAP prescribed to 735 patients (mean age 56.7 ± 17.8y). Overall, guideline adherence improved from 36.6% (n = 149) at baseline to 57.9% (n = 221) post-intervention (P < 0.0001). A significant improvement (P < 0.001) was also detected for each category: indication (from 58.5 to 93.2%), selection and dosing (from 58.5 to 80.6%), timing (from 92.4 to 97.6%), duration (from 71 to 80.1%). Conclusions: Though results cannot be generalized to all hospital populations, enabling AMS interventions may be effective in establishing a sustained improvement in SAP appropriateness rates. Once identified the main causes of SAP inappropriateness, tailored AMS interventions for each department may be beneficial. Further studies are needed to evaluate specific outcomes as incidence of surgical site infections and antimicrobial resistance.

Segala, F. V., Murri, R., Taddei, E., Giovannenze, F., Del Vecchio, P., Birocchi, E., Taccari, F., Cauda, R., Fantoni, M., Antibiotic appropriateness and adherence to local guidelines in perioperative prophylaxis: results from an antimicrobial stewardship intervention, <<ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE AND INFECTION CONTROL>>, 2020; 9 (1): 164-164. [doi:10.1186/s13756-020-00814-6] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/165270]

Antibiotic appropriateness and adherence to local guidelines in perioperative prophylaxis: results from an antimicrobial stewardship intervention

Segala, F. V.;Murri, R.;Taddei, E.;Del Vecchio, P.;Cauda, R.;Fantoni, M.
2020

Abstract

Objectives: Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) represents a major indication of antibiotic consumption worldwide. The present study aims to report the results of an enabling, long-term AMS intervention conducted between 2013 and 2019 on an Italian University Hospital performing more than 40.000 surgical interventions per year. Methods: SAP inappropriateness was defined according to the ASHP guidelines and divided in four main categories: indication, selection and dosing, duration, timing. Between 2013 and 2019, we conducted a continuative AMS intervention over 14 surgical departments that included enablement, review of selected clinical records and feedback. Results: We collected a total of 789 SAP prescribed to 735 patients (mean age 56.7 ± 17.8y). Overall, guideline adherence improved from 36.6% (n = 149) at baseline to 57.9% (n = 221) post-intervention (P < 0.0001). A significant improvement (P < 0.001) was also detected for each category: indication (from 58.5 to 93.2%), selection and dosing (from 58.5 to 80.6%), timing (from 92.4 to 97.6%), duration (from 71 to 80.1%). Conclusions: Though results cannot be generalized to all hospital populations, enabling AMS interventions may be effective in establishing a sustained improvement in SAP appropriateness rates. Once identified the main causes of SAP inappropriateness, tailored AMS interventions for each department may be beneficial. Further studies are needed to evaluate specific outcomes as incidence of surgical site infections and antimicrobial resistance.
Inglese
Segala, F. V., Murri, R., Taddei, E., Giovannenze, F., Del Vecchio, P., Birocchi, E., Taccari, F., Cauda, R., Fantoni, M., Antibiotic appropriateness and adherence to local guidelines in perioperative prophylaxis: results from an antimicrobial stewardship intervention, <<ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE AND INFECTION CONTROL>>, 2020; 9 (1): 164-164. [doi:10.1186/s13756-020-00814-6] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/165270]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/165270
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