Background: The growth of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants relies, to a large extent, on parenteral nutrition (PN) during the early weeks of life. Despite the parenteral nutrients supply, extrauterine growth restriction remains the main concern for these infants. A parenteral multicomponent lipid emulsion (MLE) might improve growth and neurological outcomes, delivering fats for brain growth that the traditional soybean-based lipid emulsion (SLE) fails to provide. We hypothesize that the use of an MLE in PN may reduce the loss of head circumference (HC) z-score from birth to 36 weeks’ postmenstrual age (PMA) or at discharge compared with the use of an SLE in VLBW infants. Methods: Infants with BW ≤1250 g, without malformations or chromosomal abnormalities, were randomly assigned to receive an MLE or an SLE. The primary outcome was the change in HC z-score (HC Δ z-score) from birth to 36 weeks’ PMA or at discharge. Secondary outcomes included the change in weight and length z-scores, as well as the incidence of late-onset sepsis and PN-associated cholestasis. Results: Of the 128 infants randomized, 51 infants in the MLE group and 50 infants in the SLE group were analyzed. The MLE was significantly associated with a decreased loss in HC and length z-scores from birth to 36 weeks’ PMA or at discharge. Conclusions: This is the first randomized controlled trial providing the evidence that an MLE is associated with improved HC growth in comparison with a pure SLE.

Costa, S., Cocca, C., Barone, G., Catenazzi, P., Gallini, F., Maggio, L., Fusco, F. P., Vento, G., Growth of Head Circumference and Body Length in Preterm Infants Receiving a Multicomponent vs a Soybean-Based Lipid Emulsion: A Randomized Controlled Trial, <<JPEN. JOURNAL OF PARENTERAL AND ENTERAL NUTRITION>>, 2020; (Jul 23): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1002/jpen.1968] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/164629]

Growth of Head Circumference and Body Length in Preterm Infants Receiving a Multicomponent vs a Soybean-Based Lipid Emulsion: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Costa, S.;Barone, G.;Gallini, F.;Maggio, L.;Fusco, F. P.;Vento, G.
2020

Abstract

Background: The growth of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants relies, to a large extent, on parenteral nutrition (PN) during the early weeks of life. Despite the parenteral nutrients supply, extrauterine growth restriction remains the main concern for these infants. A parenteral multicomponent lipid emulsion (MLE) might improve growth and neurological outcomes, delivering fats for brain growth that the traditional soybean-based lipid emulsion (SLE) fails to provide. We hypothesize that the use of an MLE in PN may reduce the loss of head circumference (HC) z-score from birth to 36 weeks’ postmenstrual age (PMA) or at discharge compared with the use of an SLE in VLBW infants. Methods: Infants with BW ≤1250 g, without malformations or chromosomal abnormalities, were randomly assigned to receive an MLE or an SLE. The primary outcome was the change in HC z-score (HC Δ z-score) from birth to 36 weeks’ PMA or at discharge. Secondary outcomes included the change in weight and length z-scores, as well as the incidence of late-onset sepsis and PN-associated cholestasis. Results: Of the 128 infants randomized, 51 infants in the MLE group and 50 infants in the SLE group were analyzed. The MLE was significantly associated with a decreased loss in HC and length z-scores from birth to 36 weeks’ PMA or at discharge. Conclusions: This is the first randomized controlled trial providing the evidence that an MLE is associated with improved HC growth in comparison with a pure SLE.
Inglese
Costa, S., Cocca, C., Barone, G., Catenazzi, P., Gallini, F., Maggio, L., Fusco, F. P., Vento, G., Growth of Head Circumference and Body Length in Preterm Infants Receiving a Multicomponent vs a Soybean-Based Lipid Emulsion: A Randomized Controlled Trial, <<JPEN. JOURNAL OF PARENTERAL AND ENTERAL NUTRITION>>, 2020; (Jul 23): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1002/jpen.1968] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/164629]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/164629
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