Background and Aims: Minimally invasive treatments of anastomotic benign biliary stricture (BBS) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) include endoscopic placement of multiple plastic stents or fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMSs). No multiyear efficacy data are available on FCSEMS treatment after OLT. Methods: We prospectively studied long-term efficacy and safety of FCSEMS treatment in adults aged ≥18 years with past OLT, cholangiographically confirmed BBS, and an indication for ERCP with stent placement. Stent removal was planned after 4 to 6 months, with subsequent follow-up until 5 years or stricture recurrence. Long-term outcomes were freedom from stricture recurrence, freedom from recurrent stent placement, and stent-related serious adverse events (SAEs). Results: In 41 patients, long-term follow-up began after FCSEMS removal (n = 33) or observation of complete distal migration (CDM) (n = 8). On an intention-to-treat basis, the 5-year probability of remaining stent-free after FCSEMS removal or observation of CDM was 48.9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 33.2%-64.7%) among all patients and 60.9% (95% CI, 43.6%-78.2%) among 31 patients with over 4 months of FCSEMS indwell time. In 28 patients with stricture resolution at FCSEMS removal or observed CDM (median, 5.0 months indwell time), the 5-year probability of no stricture recurrence was 72.6% (95% CI, 55.3%-90%). Sixteen patients (39%) had at least 1 related SAE, most commonly cholangitis (n = 10). Conclusions: By 5 years after temporary FCSEMS treatment of post-OLT BBS, approximately half of all patients remained stent-free on an intention-to-treat basis. Stent-related SAEs (especially cholangitis) were common. FCSEMS placement is a viable long-term treatment option for patients with post-OLT BBS. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT01014390.)

Poley, J. -., Ponchon, T., Puespoek, A., Bruno, M., Roy, A., Peetermans, J., Rousseau, M., Lepilliez, V., Dolak, W., Tringali, A., Blero, D., Carr-Locke, D., Costamagna, G., Deviere, J., Bourke, M. J., Williams, S. J., Puspok, A., Tribl, B., Huberty, V., Delhaye, M., Lemmers, A., Le Moine, O., Arvanitakis, M., Plasse, M., Kortan, P. P., May, G., Lepilliez, V., Neuhaus, H., Gerges, C., Beyna, T., Schumacher, B., Charton, J. P., Reddy, D. N., Lakhtakia, S., Mutignani, M., Perri, V., Familiari, P., Bruno, M. J., Poley, J. W., Gonzalez-Huix Llado, F., Fransech, M. F., Bowman, T., Fully covered self-expanding metal stents for benign biliary stricture after orthotopic liver transplant: 5-year outcomes, <<GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY>>, 2020; 92 (6): 1216-1224. [doi:10.1016/j.gie.2020.04.078] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/163805]

Fully covered self-expanding metal stents for benign biliary stricture after orthotopic liver transplant: 5-year outcomes

Tringali, A.;Costamagna, G.;Perri, V.;Familiari, P.;
2020

Abstract

Background and Aims: Minimally invasive treatments of anastomotic benign biliary stricture (BBS) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) include endoscopic placement of multiple plastic stents or fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMSs). No multiyear efficacy data are available on FCSEMS treatment after OLT. Methods: We prospectively studied long-term efficacy and safety of FCSEMS treatment in adults aged ≥18 years with past OLT, cholangiographically confirmed BBS, and an indication for ERCP with stent placement. Stent removal was planned after 4 to 6 months, with subsequent follow-up until 5 years or stricture recurrence. Long-term outcomes were freedom from stricture recurrence, freedom from recurrent stent placement, and stent-related serious adverse events (SAEs). Results: In 41 patients, long-term follow-up began after FCSEMS removal (n = 33) or observation of complete distal migration (CDM) (n = 8). On an intention-to-treat basis, the 5-year probability of remaining stent-free after FCSEMS removal or observation of CDM was 48.9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 33.2%-64.7%) among all patients and 60.9% (95% CI, 43.6%-78.2%) among 31 patients with over 4 months of FCSEMS indwell time. In 28 patients with stricture resolution at FCSEMS removal or observed CDM (median, 5.0 months indwell time), the 5-year probability of no stricture recurrence was 72.6% (95% CI, 55.3%-90%). Sixteen patients (39%) had at least 1 related SAE, most commonly cholangitis (n = 10). Conclusions: By 5 years after temporary FCSEMS treatment of post-OLT BBS, approximately half of all patients remained stent-free on an intention-to-treat basis. Stent-related SAEs (especially cholangitis) were common. FCSEMS placement is a viable long-term treatment option for patients with post-OLT BBS. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT01014390.)
Inglese
Poley, J. -., Ponchon, T., Puespoek, A., Bruno, M., Roy, A., Peetermans, J., Rousseau, M., Lepilliez, V., Dolak, W., Tringali, A., Blero, D., Carr-Locke, D., Costamagna, G., Deviere, J., Bourke, M. J., Williams, S. J., Puspok, A., Tribl, B., Huberty, V., Delhaye, M., Lemmers, A., Le Moine, O., Arvanitakis, M., Plasse, M., Kortan, P. P., May, G., Lepilliez, V., Neuhaus, H., Gerges, C., Beyna, T., Schumacher, B., Charton, J. P., Reddy, D. N., Lakhtakia, S., Mutignani, M., Perri, V., Familiari, P., Bruno, M. J., Poley, J. W., Gonzalez-Huix Llado, F., Fransech, M. F., Bowman, T., Fully covered self-expanding metal stents for benign biliary stricture after orthotopic liver transplant: 5-year outcomes, <<GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY>>, 2020; 92 (6): 1216-1224. [doi:10.1016/j.gie.2020.04.078] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/163805]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/163805
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact