We study how multigrading, which is mixing students of different grades into a single class, affects children’s cognitive achievement in primary school. We build instruments to identify the causal effect of multigrading by exploiting an Italian law that controls class size and grade composition. Results suggest that attendance in multigrade versus single-grade classes increases students’ performance on standardized tests by 19 percent of a standard deviation for second graders, and it has zero effect for fifth graders. The positive impact of multigrading for second graders appears to be driven by children sharing their class with peers from higher grades. This last finding rationalizes the absence of a multigrade effect for fifth graders.

Barbetta, G., Sorrenti, G., Turati, G., Multigrading and child achievement, <<JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES>>, 2021; 56 (3): 940-968. [doi:10.3368/jhr.56.3.0118-9310R4] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/163540]

Multigrading and child achievement

Barbetta, Gianpaolo;Turati, Gilberto
2021

Abstract

We study how multigrading, which is mixing students of different grades into a single class, affects children’s cognitive achievement in primary school. We build instruments to identify the causal effect of multigrading by exploiting an Italian law that controls class size and grade composition. Results suggest that attendance in multigrade versus single-grade classes increases students’ performance on standardized tests by 19 percent of a standard deviation for second graders, and it has zero effect for fifth graders. The positive impact of multigrading for second graders appears to be driven by children sharing their class with peers from higher grades. This last finding rationalizes the absence of a multigrade effect for fifth graders.
Inglese
Barbetta, G., Sorrenti, G., Turati, G., Multigrading and child achievement, <<JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES>>, 2021; 56 (3): 940-968. [doi:10.3368/jhr.56.3.0118-9310R4] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/163540]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/163540
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact