PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the role of coronary computed tomography-angiography (CCTA) in the workflow of competitive sports eligibility in a cohort of athletes with anomalous origin of the left-coronary artery (AOLCA)/anomalous origin of the right-coronary artery (AORCA) in an attempt to outline relevant computed tomography features likely to impact diagnostic assessment and clinic management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with suspected AOLCA/AORCA at transthoracic echocardiography or with inconclusive transthoracic echocardiography underwent CCTA to rule out/confirm and characterize the anatomic findings: partially interarterial course or full-INT, high-take-off, acute-take-off-angle (ATO), slit-like origin, intramural course (IM), interarterial-course-length, and lumen-reduction/hypoplasia (HYPO). RESULTS: CCTA identified 28 athletes: 6 AOLCA (3 males; 20.3±11.0 y) and 22 AORCA (18 males; 29.1±16.5 y). Symptoms were present only in 13 athletes (46.4%; 10 AORCA). Four patients (3 AORCA) had abnormal rest electrocardiogram, 11 (40.7%; 9 AORCA) had abnormal stress-electrocardiogram. The INT course was observed in 15 athletes (53.6%): 6/6 AOLCA and 9/22 AORCA (40.9%). Slit-like origin was present in 7/22 AORCA (31.8%) and never in AOLCA. Suspected IM resulted in 3 AOLCA (50%), always with HYPO/ATO, and in 6/22 AORCA (27.3%) with HYPO. No statistically significant differences were found between asymptomatic/symptomatic patients in the prevalence of partially INT/INT courses, high-take-off/ATO, and slit-like ostium. A slightly significant relationship between suspected proximal-IM (r=0.47, P<0.05) and proximal-HYPO of anomalous vessel (r=0.65, P<0.01) resulted in AORCA and was confirmed on AOLCA/AORCA pooled analysis (r=0.58, P<0.01 for HYPO). All AOLCA/AORCA athletes were disqualified from competitive sports and warned to avoid vigorous physical efforts. Surgery was recommended to all AOLCA athletes and to 13 AORCA (3 asymptomatic), but only 6 underwent surgery. No major cardiovascular event/ischemic symptoms/signs developed during a mean follow-up of 49.6±39.5 months. CONCLUSION: CCTA provides essential information for safe/effective clinical management of athletes, with important prognostic/sport-activity implications.

Marano, R., Merlino, B., Savino, G., Natale, L., Rovere, G., Paciolla, F., Muciaccia, M., Flammia, F., Larici, A., Palmieri, V., Zeppilli, P., Manfredi, R., Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography in the Clinical Workflow of Athletes With Anomalous Origin of Coronary Arteries From the Contralateral Valsalva Sinus., <<JOURNAL OF THORACIC IMAGING>>, 2020; 2020 (na): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1097/RTI.0000000000000523] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/154461]

Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography in the Clinical Workflow of Athletes With Anomalous Origin of Coronary Arteries From the Contralateral Valsalva Sinus.

Marano, Riccardo
Primo
;
Merlino, Biagio
Secondo
;
Savino, Giancarlo;Natale, Luigi;Rovere, Giuseppe;Paciolla, Fabiano;Muciaccia, Massimo;Larici, Ar;Palmieri, Vincenzo;Zeppilli, Paolo;Manfredi, Riccardo
2020

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the role of coronary computed tomography-angiography (CCTA) in the workflow of competitive sports eligibility in a cohort of athletes with anomalous origin of the left-coronary artery (AOLCA)/anomalous origin of the right-coronary artery (AORCA) in an attempt to outline relevant computed tomography features likely to impact diagnostic assessment and clinic management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with suspected AOLCA/AORCA at transthoracic echocardiography or with inconclusive transthoracic echocardiography underwent CCTA to rule out/confirm and characterize the anatomic findings: partially interarterial course or full-INT, high-take-off, acute-take-off-angle (ATO), slit-like origin, intramural course (IM), interarterial-course-length, and lumen-reduction/hypoplasia (HYPO). RESULTS: CCTA identified 28 athletes: 6 AOLCA (3 males; 20.3±11.0 y) and 22 AORCA (18 males; 29.1±16.5 y). Symptoms were present only in 13 athletes (46.4%; 10 AORCA). Four patients (3 AORCA) had abnormal rest electrocardiogram, 11 (40.7%; 9 AORCA) had abnormal stress-electrocardiogram. The INT course was observed in 15 athletes (53.6%): 6/6 AOLCA and 9/22 AORCA (40.9%). Slit-like origin was present in 7/22 AORCA (31.8%) and never in AOLCA. Suspected IM resulted in 3 AOLCA (50%), always with HYPO/ATO, and in 6/22 AORCA (27.3%) with HYPO. No statistically significant differences were found between asymptomatic/symptomatic patients in the prevalence of partially INT/INT courses, high-take-off/ATO, and slit-like ostium. A slightly significant relationship between suspected proximal-IM (r=0.47, P<0.05) and proximal-HYPO of anomalous vessel (r=0.65, P<0.01) resulted in AORCA and was confirmed on AOLCA/AORCA pooled analysis (r=0.58, P<0.01 for HYPO). All AOLCA/AORCA athletes were disqualified from competitive sports and warned to avoid vigorous physical efforts. Surgery was recommended to all AOLCA athletes and to 13 AORCA (3 asymptomatic), but only 6 underwent surgery. No major cardiovascular event/ischemic symptoms/signs developed during a mean follow-up of 49.6±39.5 months. CONCLUSION: CCTA provides essential information for safe/effective clinical management of athletes, with important prognostic/sport-activity implications.
2020
Inglese
Marano, R., Merlino, B., Savino, G., Natale, L., Rovere, G., Paciolla, F., Muciaccia, M., Flammia, F., Larici, A., Palmieri, V., Zeppilli, P., Manfredi, R., Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography in the Clinical Workflow of Athletes With Anomalous Origin of Coronary Arteries From the Contralateral Valsalva Sinus., <<JOURNAL OF THORACIC IMAGING>>, 2020; 2020 (na): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1097/RTI.0000000000000523] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/154461]
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