INTRODUCTION: Long-term comparative immunologic response to 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) versus 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) among HIV-infected adults has not yet been investigated. METHODS: In this prospective pilot study, we quantified in HIV-positive adults serotype-specific IgG concentrations of the 12 pneumococcal serotypes shared by both vaccines 5 years after vaccination with two doses of PCV13 8 weeks apart (group 1) or one dose of PPV23 (group 2) and compared them with those assessed prior to vaccination (BL) and after 1 year (T1). Comparison of immunogenicity was based on geometric mean concentration (GMC), proportion of individuals with ≥ twofold increase from BL in specific antibody concentration against ≥ 2 serotypes and percentage of individuals with serotype-specific IgG ≥ 0.35 μg/ml, ≥ 1 μg/ml and ≥ individual serotype-specific correlates of protection. RESULTS: We included 91 subjects (median CD4+ 650 cells/µl, > 90% with HIV-RNA < 50 copies/ml); patients in groups 1 (n = 42) and 2 (n = 49) were homogeneous for the main characteristics. GMCs were significantly higher in the PCV13 group than in the PPV23 group for serotype 19F (p = 0.003). Both vaccines revealed higher significant GMCs to most serotypes compared with BL, i.e., eight in group 1 vs. seven in group 2. With respect to T1, GMCs decreased significantly in the PCV13 group for eight vs. ten serotypes in the PPV23 group. More participants in the PCV13 group had ≥ 2 increase from BL in antibody levels to ≥ 2 serotypes compared with the PPV23 group (78.6% vs. 59.2%, p = 0.042). Overall, the percentage of subjects with serotype-specific IgG ≥ 0.35 μg/ml, ≥ 1 μg/ml and ≥ individual serotype-specific correlates of protection was similar between groups. CONCLUSION: In this study with HIV-positive adults with a favorable viro-immunologic profile, both vaccines were shown to achieve a long-term durable serologic response. We found minor differences in immunogenicity between the two vaccines, which favored PCV13 over PPV23 5 years after immunization.

Belmonti, S., Rossetti, B., Modica, S., Paglicci, L., Borghetti, A., Ciccullo, A., Picarelli, C., Cauda, R., De Luca, A., Montagnani, F., Lombardi, F., Long-Term Serological Response to 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Versus 23-Valent Polysaccharide Vaccine in HIV-Infected Adults, <<INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND THERAPY>>, 2019; 8 (3): 453-462. [doi:10.1007/s40121-019-0256-z] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/148173]

Long-Term Serological Response to 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Versus 23-Valent Polysaccharide Vaccine in HIV-Infected Adults

Rossetti, Barbara;Ciccullo, Arturo;Picarelli, Chiara;Cauda, Roberto;De Luca, Andrea;Lombardi, Francesca
2019

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Long-term comparative immunologic response to 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) versus 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) among HIV-infected adults has not yet been investigated. METHODS: In this prospective pilot study, we quantified in HIV-positive adults serotype-specific IgG concentrations of the 12 pneumococcal serotypes shared by both vaccines 5 years after vaccination with two doses of PCV13 8 weeks apart (group 1) or one dose of PPV23 (group 2) and compared them with those assessed prior to vaccination (BL) and after 1 year (T1). Comparison of immunogenicity was based on geometric mean concentration (GMC), proportion of individuals with ≥ twofold increase from BL in specific antibody concentration against ≥ 2 serotypes and percentage of individuals with serotype-specific IgG ≥ 0.35 μg/ml, ≥ 1 μg/ml and ≥ individual serotype-specific correlates of protection. RESULTS: We included 91 subjects (median CD4+ 650 cells/µl, > 90% with HIV-RNA < 50 copies/ml); patients in groups 1 (n = 42) and 2 (n = 49) were homogeneous for the main characteristics. GMCs were significantly higher in the PCV13 group than in the PPV23 group for serotype 19F (p = 0.003). Both vaccines revealed higher significant GMCs to most serotypes compared with BL, i.e., eight in group 1 vs. seven in group 2. With respect to T1, GMCs decreased significantly in the PCV13 group for eight vs. ten serotypes in the PPV23 group. More participants in the PCV13 group had ≥ 2 increase from BL in antibody levels to ≥ 2 serotypes compared with the PPV23 group (78.6% vs. 59.2%, p = 0.042). Overall, the percentage of subjects with serotype-specific IgG ≥ 0.35 μg/ml, ≥ 1 μg/ml and ≥ individual serotype-specific correlates of protection was similar between groups. CONCLUSION: In this study with HIV-positive adults with a favorable viro-immunologic profile, both vaccines were shown to achieve a long-term durable serologic response. We found minor differences in immunogenicity between the two vaccines, which favored PCV13 over PPV23 5 years after immunization.
Inglese
Belmonti, S., Rossetti, B., Modica, S., Paglicci, L., Borghetti, A., Ciccullo, A., Picarelli, C., Cauda, R., De Luca, A., Montagnani, F., Lombardi, F., Long-Term Serological Response to 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Versus 23-Valent Polysaccharide Vaccine in HIV-Infected Adults, <<INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND THERAPY>>, 2019; 8 (3): 453-462. [doi:10.1007/s40121-019-0256-z] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/148173]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/148173
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