AIM: To find diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters predictive for radiation-induced vaginal stenosis (VS) in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 43 patients with LACC who underwent 1.5 T DW-MRI before (baseline), after 2 weeks (early), and at the end of CRT (final). At MRI, vaginal length, thickness, width, and cervical tumour volume (TV) were measured. Vaginal signal intensity at DW-MRI was analysed at final MRI. CRT-induced VS was graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.03. Correlations between DW-MRI and clinical data were made using Wilcoxon's test, Mann–Whitney test, Fisher's exact test, or chi-squared test as appropriate. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated for variables to evaluate diagnostic ability to predict CRT-induced VS using a logistic regression model. RESULTS: Asymptomatic vaginal toxicity (CTCAE Grade 1) was observed in 14 patients and symptomatic CRT-induced VS (CTCAE Grade ≥2) was detected in 29 patients. Baseline TV was higher in Grade 1 than in Grade ≥2 (p=0.013). Median vaginal length, thickness, and width decreased between baseline and final MRI in all patients (p<0.0001) without significant variances between CTCAE grades. Significant differences were observed in DW-MRI patterns (p<0.0001). In Grade ≥2, DWI showed signal loss of vaginal mucosa in 17 patients (63%) and diffuse restricted diffusion of vaginal wall in eight patients (30%). AUC was 0.938 (coefficient=4.72; p<0.001) for DWI and 0.712 (coefficient=–2.623×10 −5; p=0.004) for TV. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study using DW-MRI for predicting CRT-induced VS. DWI is useful tool in patients with LACC after CRT for early prevention and management strategies for VS.

Micco, M., Campitelli, M., Sbarra, M., Carra, N., Barone, R., Gui, B., Gambacorta, M. A., Valentini, V., Manfredi, R., DW-MRI predictive factors for radiation-induced vaginal stenosis in patients with cervical cancer, <<CLINICAL RADIOLOGY>>, 2020; 75 (3): 216-223. [doi:10.1016/j.crad.2019.10.021] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/147803]

DW-MRI predictive factors for radiation-induced vaginal stenosis in patients with cervical cancer

Micco M.;Campitelli M.;Gui B.;Gambacorta M. A.;Valentini V.;Manfredi R.
2020

Abstract

AIM: To find diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters predictive for radiation-induced vaginal stenosis (VS) in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 43 patients with LACC who underwent 1.5 T DW-MRI before (baseline), after 2 weeks (early), and at the end of CRT (final). At MRI, vaginal length, thickness, width, and cervical tumour volume (TV) were measured. Vaginal signal intensity at DW-MRI was analysed at final MRI. CRT-induced VS was graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.03. Correlations between DW-MRI and clinical data were made using Wilcoxon's test, Mann–Whitney test, Fisher's exact test, or chi-squared test as appropriate. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated for variables to evaluate diagnostic ability to predict CRT-induced VS using a logistic regression model. RESULTS: Asymptomatic vaginal toxicity (CTCAE Grade 1) was observed in 14 patients and symptomatic CRT-induced VS (CTCAE Grade ≥2) was detected in 29 patients. Baseline TV was higher in Grade 1 than in Grade ≥2 (p=0.013). Median vaginal length, thickness, and width decreased between baseline and final MRI in all patients (p<0.0001) without significant variances between CTCAE grades. Significant differences were observed in DW-MRI patterns (p<0.0001). In Grade ≥2, DWI showed signal loss of vaginal mucosa in 17 patients (63%) and diffuse restricted diffusion of vaginal wall in eight patients (30%). AUC was 0.938 (coefficient=4.72; p<0.001) for DWI and 0.712 (coefficient=–2.623×10 −5; p=0.004) for TV. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study using DW-MRI for predicting CRT-induced VS. DWI is useful tool in patients with LACC after CRT for early prevention and management strategies for VS.
Inglese
http://www.elsevier.com/inca/publications/store/6/2/3/0/1/9/index.htt
Micco, M., Campitelli, M., Sbarra, M., Carra, N., Barone, R., Gui, B., Gambacorta, M. A., Valentini, V., Manfredi, R., DW-MRI predictive factors for radiation-induced vaginal stenosis in patients with cervical cancer, <>, 2020; 75 (3): 216-223. [doi:10.1016/j.crad.2019.10.021] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/147803]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/147803
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact