Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is an important procedure in diagnostic pathway of patients affected by moderate OSAS. However, the Italian National Health System does not provide any compatible Diagnosis-related-group (DRG) code codification for DISE, which makes it impossible to obtain regional reimbursement. In order to overcome this problem, DISE is usually associated with other codified surgical procedures. The aim of our study is to assess the association of turbinate decongestion (TD) and DISE in order to combine in a single operating session diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The objective of our work is to assess the role of nasal surgery on symptoms of moderate OSA. Recent studies have confirmed that isolated nasal surgery improves quality of life (QOL), but not the apnoea hypopnoea index (AHI) during polygraph registration. We enrolled 30 patients, aged between 29 and 64 years (mean 50.53 ± 9.20), 26 males and 4 females, with a mean BMI of 26.07 ± 2.81 kg/m2, who were affected by moderate OSAS. All patients underwent otolaryngologycal pre-operative evaluation, home respiratory polygraph and subjective evaluation through Sino-Nasal-Outcome Test (SNOT-20) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). During the same surgery session, they underwent DISE and TD. Patients were re-evaluated six months later using the same questionnaires. We observed a significant improvement (p < 0.05) in both the mean ESS index (6.03 ± 2.75 vs 4.16 ± 4.63) and total SNOT score (22.53 ± 12.16 vs 13.23 ± 10.82). Significant differences (p < 0.05) were also identified for partial SNOT questions 1-11 (9.1 ± 5.11 vs 6.13 ± 4.12) and 11-20 (13.36 ± 10.20 vs 7.13 ± 9.644). The results of the present study confirm that TD alone can improve sleepiness, QOL and nasal symptoms. Thus, in absence of a National Health System recognition for DISE, the association of this procedure with TD can be useful for diagnostic and therapeutic management of OSAS, improving CPAP compliance and adherence, reducing sleepiness, ameliorating nasal symptoms and therefore QOL.

Fiorita, A., Scarano, E., Mastrapasqua, R., Picciotti, P. M., Loperfido, A., Rizzotto, G., Paludetti, G., Moderate OSAS and turbinate decongestion: Surgical efficacy in improving the quality of life and compliance of CPAP using Epworth score and SNOT-20 score, <<ACTA OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICA ITALICA>>, 2018; 38 (3): 214-221. [doi:10.14639/0392-100X-1935] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/147514]

Moderate OSAS and turbinate decongestion: Surgical efficacy in improving the quality of life and compliance of CPAP using Epworth score and SNOT-20 score

Fiorita A.
Primo
Data Curation
;
Scarano E.
Secondo
Conceptualization
;
Mastrapasqua R.
Formal Analysis
;
Picciotti P. M.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Loperfido A.
Investigation
;
Paludetti G.
Supervision
2018

Abstract

Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is an important procedure in diagnostic pathway of patients affected by moderate OSAS. However, the Italian National Health System does not provide any compatible Diagnosis-related-group (DRG) code codification for DISE, which makes it impossible to obtain regional reimbursement. In order to overcome this problem, DISE is usually associated with other codified surgical procedures. The aim of our study is to assess the association of turbinate decongestion (TD) and DISE in order to combine in a single operating session diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The objective of our work is to assess the role of nasal surgery on symptoms of moderate OSA. Recent studies have confirmed that isolated nasal surgery improves quality of life (QOL), but not the apnoea hypopnoea index (AHI) during polygraph registration. We enrolled 30 patients, aged between 29 and 64 years (mean 50.53 ± 9.20), 26 males and 4 females, with a mean BMI of 26.07 ± 2.81 kg/m2, who were affected by moderate OSAS. All patients underwent otolaryngologycal pre-operative evaluation, home respiratory polygraph and subjective evaluation through Sino-Nasal-Outcome Test (SNOT-20) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). During the same surgery session, they underwent DISE and TD. Patients were re-evaluated six months later using the same questionnaires. We observed a significant improvement (p < 0.05) in both the mean ESS index (6.03 ± 2.75 vs 4.16 ± 4.63) and total SNOT score (22.53 ± 12.16 vs 13.23 ± 10.82). Significant differences (p < 0.05) were also identified for partial SNOT questions 1-11 (9.1 ± 5.11 vs 6.13 ± 4.12) and 11-20 (13.36 ± 10.20 vs 7.13 ± 9.644). The results of the present study confirm that TD alone can improve sleepiness, QOL and nasal symptoms. Thus, in absence of a National Health System recognition for DISE, the association of this procedure with TD can be useful for diagnostic and therapeutic management of OSAS, improving CPAP compliance and adherence, reducing sleepiness, ameliorating nasal symptoms and therefore QOL.
Inglese
http://www.actaitalica.it/issues/2018/3-2018/06_1935_Scarano.pdf
Fiorita, A., Scarano, E., Mastrapasqua, R., Picciotti, P. M., Loperfido, A., Rizzotto, G., Paludetti, G., Moderate OSAS and turbinate decongestion: Surgical efficacy in improving the quality of life and compliance of CPAP using Epworth score and SNOT-20 score, <>, 2018; 38 (3): 214-221. [doi:10.14639/0392-100X-1935] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/147514]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/147514
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