OBJECTIVES: Hypofibrinolysis has been proposed as a possible mechanism underlying the known risk of thrombosis observed in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a recently described inhibitor of fibrinolysis. Increased TAFI plasma levels are associated with a risk for venous thrombosis. The objective was to evaluate TAFI plasma levels and their possible correlations with clinical features and acute-phase reactants in IBD patients. METHODS: Eighty-one IBD patients (47 Crohn's disease and 34 ulcerative colitis) and 81 sex- and age-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study; moreover, we studied 30 inflammatory controls (13 Reiter's syndrome, 4 Behçet's syndrome, and 13 patients with newly diagnosed celiac disease). TAFI plasma levels were assessed by means of a commercially available ELISA kit. Erythrocytes sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and alpha1-acid glycoprotein were measured as acute-phase reactants. Statistical analysis was performed by means of nonparametric tests and Fisher's exact test and chi(2) test for independence. RESULTS: Median TAFI plasma levels were significantly higher in IBD patients (116.0%, range: 39.0-232.0%) and in inflammatory controls (176.0%, 50.0-435.0%) than in healthy controls (99.0%, 40.0-170.0%) (p< or = 0.05 and p< or = 0.001, respectively). TAFI plasma levels higher than the 95th percentile of control values were significantly more frequent in IBD patients (19.7%) and in inflammatory controls (53.3%) than in healthy controls (4.9%) (p< or = 0.008 and p< or = 0.0001, respectively) and more frequent in clinically active IBD than in clinically quiescent IBD (31.4%vs 10.9%, p< or = 0.03). Finally, in IBD, significant correlations were observed between TAFI plasma levels and erythrocytes sedimentation rate (p< or = 0.02), C-reactive protein (p< or = 0.001), and alpha1-acid glycoprotein (p< or = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: TAFI plasma levels are increased in IBD patients and correlate with acute-phase reactants. Increased TAFI plasma levels might contribute to the prothrombotic state observed in IBD through the induction of hypofibrinolysis

Saibeni, S., Bottasso, B., Spina, L., Bajetta, M. T., Danese, S., Gasbarrini, A., De Franchis, R., Vecchi, M., Assessment of thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) plasma levels in inflammatory bowel diseases., <<THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY>>, 2004; (Ottobre): 1966-1970 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/14454]

Assessment of thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) plasma levels in inflammatory bowel diseases.

Maria Teresa; Danese;Silvio; Gasbarrini;
2004

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Hypofibrinolysis has been proposed as a possible mechanism underlying the known risk of thrombosis observed in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a recently described inhibitor of fibrinolysis. Increased TAFI plasma levels are associated with a risk for venous thrombosis. The objective was to evaluate TAFI plasma levels and their possible correlations with clinical features and acute-phase reactants in IBD patients. METHODS: Eighty-one IBD patients (47 Crohn's disease and 34 ulcerative colitis) and 81 sex- and age-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study; moreover, we studied 30 inflammatory controls (13 Reiter's syndrome, 4 Behçet's syndrome, and 13 patients with newly diagnosed celiac disease). TAFI plasma levels were assessed by means of a commercially available ELISA kit. Erythrocytes sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and alpha1-acid glycoprotein were measured as acute-phase reactants. Statistical analysis was performed by means of nonparametric tests and Fisher's exact test and chi(2) test for independence. RESULTS: Median TAFI plasma levels were significantly higher in IBD patients (116.0%, range: 39.0-232.0%) and in inflammatory controls (176.0%, 50.0-435.0%) than in healthy controls (99.0%, 40.0-170.0%) (p< or = 0.05 and p< or = 0.001, respectively). TAFI plasma levels higher than the 95th percentile of control values were significantly more frequent in IBD patients (19.7%) and in inflammatory controls (53.3%) than in healthy controls (4.9%) (p< or = 0.008 and p< or = 0.0001, respectively) and more frequent in clinically active IBD than in clinically quiescent IBD (31.4%vs 10.9%, p< or = 0.03). Finally, in IBD, significant correlations were observed between TAFI plasma levels and erythrocytes sedimentation rate (p< or = 0.02), C-reactive protein (p< or = 0.001), and alpha1-acid glycoprotein (p< or = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: TAFI plasma levels are increased in IBD patients and correlate with acute-phase reactants. Increased TAFI plasma levels might contribute to the prothrombotic state observed in IBD through the induction of hypofibrinolysis
Inglese
Saibeni, S., Bottasso, B., Spina, L., Bajetta, M. T., Danese, S., Gasbarrini, A., De Franchis, R., Vecchi, M., Assessment of thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) plasma levels in inflammatory bowel diseases., <<THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY>>, 2004; (Ottobre): 1966-1970 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/14454]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/14454
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