In the last decade several insect genomes have been sequenced, but for most the chromosomal mapping of the identified scaffolds/annotated genes is not available. The lack of this information makes it difficult to analyse various genetic aspects, including the presence of genome rearrangements and the extent of synteny within and across species. We mapped five multigenic DNA families (major and minor rDNAs, histone gene cluster, esterases and carotenoid desaturases) and seven scaffolds corresponding to 9 Mb of the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines, genome and identified loci spanning the four soybean aphid chromosomes. A comparative analysis of the localization of the annotated A. glycines genes with respect to the peach potato aphid, Myzus persicae, and the fly, Drosophila melanogaster, evidenced a lower degree of synteny between the two aphid species than in the aphid-fly comparison. Only 1.4 genes per syntenic block were observed in aphids in contrast to 2.3 genes per block in flies. This higher chromosomal rearrangement rate in aphids could be explained considering that they possess holocentric chromosomes that can favour the stabilization and inheritance of chromosomal rearrangements. Lastly, our experiments did not detect the presence of chimeric assemblies in the newly available A. glycines biotype 1 genome, differently from what reported in assembled genome of other aphid species, suggesting that chromosomal mapping can be used to ascertain the quality of assembled genomes

Mandrioli, M., Melchiori, G., Panini, M., Chiesa, O., Giordano, R., Mazzoni, E., Manicardi, G. C., Analysis of the extent of synteny and conservation in the gene order in aphids: A first glimpse from the Aphis glycines genome, <<INSECT BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY>>, 2019; 113 (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.ibmb.2019.103228] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/142950]

Analysis of the extent of synteny and conservation in the gene order in aphids: A first glimpse from the Aphis glycines genome

Panini, M.;Chiesa, O.;Mazzoni, E.;
2019

Abstract

In the last decade several insect genomes have been sequenced, but for most the chromosomal mapping of the identified scaffolds/annotated genes is not available. The lack of this information makes it difficult to analyse various genetic aspects, including the presence of genome rearrangements and the extent of synteny within and across species. We mapped five multigenic DNA families (major and minor rDNAs, histone gene cluster, esterases and carotenoid desaturases) and seven scaffolds corresponding to 9 Mb of the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines, genome and identified loci spanning the four soybean aphid chromosomes. A comparative analysis of the localization of the annotated A. glycines genes with respect to the peach potato aphid, Myzus persicae, and the fly, Drosophila melanogaster, evidenced a lower degree of synteny between the two aphid species than in the aphid-fly comparison. Only 1.4 genes per syntenic block were observed in aphids in contrast to 2.3 genes per block in flies. This higher chromosomal rearrangement rate in aphids could be explained considering that they possess holocentric chromosomes that can favour the stabilization and inheritance of chromosomal rearrangements. Lastly, our experiments did not detect the presence of chimeric assemblies in the newly available A. glycines biotype 1 genome, differently from what reported in assembled genome of other aphid species, suggesting that chromosomal mapping can be used to ascertain the quality of assembled genomes
Inglese
Mandrioli, M., Melchiori, G., Panini, M., Chiesa, O., Giordano, R., Mazzoni, E., Manicardi, G. C., Analysis of the extent of synteny and conservation in the gene order in aphids: A first glimpse from the Aphis glycines genome, <<INSECT BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY>>, 2019; 113 (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.ibmb.2019.103228] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/142950]
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