Background and objective: Investigation of membrane fluidity by metabolic functional imaging opens up a new and important area of translational research in type 1 diabetes mellitus, being a useful and sensitive biomarker for disease monitoring and treatment. We investigate here how data on membrane fluidity can be used for diabetes monitoring. Methods: We present a decision support system that distinguishes between healthy subjects, type 1 diabetes mellitus patients, and type 1 diabetes mellitus patients with complications. It leverages on dual channel data computed from the physical state of human red blood cells membranes by means of features based on first- and second-order statistical measures as well as on rotation invariant co-occurrence local binary patterns. The experiments were carried out on a dataset of more than 1000 images belonging to 27 subjects. Results: Our method shows a global accuracy of 100%, outperforming also the state-of-the-art approach based on the glycosylated hemoglobin. Conclusions: The proposed recognition approach permits to achieve promising results.

Cordelli, E., Maulucci, G., De Spirito, M., Rizzi, A., Pitocco, D., Soda, P., A decision support system for type 1 diabetes mellitus diagnostics based on dual channel analysis of red blood cell membrane fluidity, <<COMPUTER METHODS AND PROGRAMS IN BIOMEDICINE>>, 2018; 162 (162): 263-271. [doi:10.1016/j.cmpb.2018.05.025] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/132440]

A decision support system for type 1 diabetes mellitus diagnostics based on dual channel analysis of red blood cell membrane fluidity

Maulucci, Giuseppe;De Spirito, Marco;Rizzi, Alessandro;Pitocco, Dario;
2018

Abstract

Background and objective: Investigation of membrane fluidity by metabolic functional imaging opens up a new and important area of translational research in type 1 diabetes mellitus, being a useful and sensitive biomarker for disease monitoring and treatment. We investigate here how data on membrane fluidity can be used for diabetes monitoring. Methods: We present a decision support system that distinguishes between healthy subjects, type 1 diabetes mellitus patients, and type 1 diabetes mellitus patients with complications. It leverages on dual channel data computed from the physical state of human red blood cells membranes by means of features based on first- and second-order statistical measures as well as on rotation invariant co-occurrence local binary patterns. The experiments were carried out on a dataset of more than 1000 images belonging to 27 subjects. Results: Our method shows a global accuracy of 100%, outperforming also the state-of-the-art approach based on the glycosylated hemoglobin. Conclusions: The proposed recognition approach permits to achieve promising results.
Inglese
Cordelli, E., Maulucci, G., De Spirito, M., Rizzi, A., Pitocco, D., Soda, P., A decision support system for type 1 diabetes mellitus diagnostics based on dual channel analysis of red blood cell membrane fluidity, <<COMPUTER METHODS AND PROGRAMS IN BIOMEDICINE>>, 2018; 162 (162): 263-271. [doi:10.1016/j.cmpb.2018.05.025] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/132440]
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