Xanthan gum-based microspheres and hydrogels, useful for targeted colorectal release of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), were successfully prepared and characterized. In particular, the microsphere size,as well as the hidrogel swelling degree at pH7.4, and the omega-3 PUFA loading efficiency of both the materials suggested their suitability for colorectal delivery. Moreover, the antioxidant efficiency of the xanthan gum based materials suggests their ability to protect the omega-PUFA cargo. We demonstrated that α-linolenic acid (ALA 18:3ω-3) carried by the materials increased significantly its ability to reduce colorectal cancer cell growth in vitro.On the contrary, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6ω-3) enclosed in the hydrogel formulation did not enhance its already high anti-neoplastic potential. The improved anti-neoplastic efficacy of ALA enclosed in both the xanthan gum-based formulations further supports the hypothesis of a potential use of this omega-3 PUFA as a suitable and more sustainable alternative to thefish-derived DHA.

Trombino, S., Serini, S., Cassano, R., Calviello, G., Xanthan gum-based materials for omega-3 PUFA delivery: Preparation, characterization and antineoplastic activity evaluation., <<CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS>>, 2019; (208): 431-440. [doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.01.001] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/132069]

Xanthan gum-based materials for omega-3 PUFA delivery: Preparation, characterization and antineoplastic activity evaluation.

S; Serini
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
R; Calviello
2019

Abstract

Xanthan gum-based microspheres and hydrogels, useful for targeted colorectal release of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), were successfully prepared and characterized. In particular, the microsphere size,as well as the hidrogel swelling degree at pH7.4, and the omega-3 PUFA loading efficiency of both the materials suggested their suitability for colorectal delivery. Moreover, the antioxidant efficiency of the xanthan gum based materials suggests their ability to protect the omega-PUFA cargo. We demonstrated that α-linolenic acid (ALA 18:3ω-3) carried by the materials increased significantly its ability to reduce colorectal cancer cell growth in vitro.On the contrary, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6ω-3) enclosed in the hydrogel formulation did not enhance its already high anti-neoplastic potential. The improved anti-neoplastic efficacy of ALA enclosed in both the xanthan gum-based formulations further supports the hypothesis of a potential use of this omega-3 PUFA as a suitable and more sustainable alternative to thefish-derived DHA.
Inglese
Trombino, S., Serini, S., Cassano, R., Calviello, G., Xanthan gum-based materials for omega-3 PUFA delivery: Preparation, characterization and antineoplastic activity evaluation., <<CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS>>, 2019; (208): 431-440. [doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.01.001] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/132069]
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