Purpose: Our purpose was to evaluate the role of subacromial decompression in the arthroscopic repair of full-thickness rotator cuff tears in a prospective randomized clinical study. Methods: Arthroscopic cuff repair was performed in 80 patients with a full-thickness rotator cuff tear. They were divided into 2 groups comprising 40 patients each. In group 1 arthroscopic rotator cuff repair was performed with subacromial decompression. In group 2 the repair was performed without decompression. Rotator cuff tears were repaired via metal suture anchors for tendon-to-bone repair, side-to-side repair, or a combination of the 2 techniques. Results were evaluated by use of the Constant score normalized for age and gender, as well as the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Work-DASH self-administered questionnaires. On analyzing the results at 2 years’ follow-up, we considered the following independent variables: age; gender; dominance; location, shape, area, retraction, and reducibility of cuff tear; fatty degeneration; involvement of subscapularis tendon; treatment of biceps tendon; rotator cuff repair technique; and type of acromion. A univariate and multivariate statistical analysis was performed to determine which variables were independently associated with the outcome. Results: Comparison between the groups did not show significant differences for each variable considered. The overall results for the Constant score were 103.6 points in group 1 and 96.1 points in group 2; those for the DASH score were 18.2 points and 23.1 points, respectively; and those for the Work-DASH score were 23.7 points and 26.2 points, respectively. Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that the following variables significantly and independently influenced the outcome: age; shape, retraction, and reducibility of cuff tear; fatty degeneration; involvement of subscapularis; and repair technique. Subacromial decompression did not influence the outcome significantly for each scoring system considered. Conclusions: At short-term follow-up, subacromial decompression did not seem to significantly affect the outcome of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Longer follow-up studies will be necessary to confirm the clinical relevance of these observations.

Milano, G., Grasso, A., Salvatore, M., Zarelli, D., Deriu, L., Fabbriciani, C., Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with and without subacromial decompression: a prospective randomized study, <<ARTHROSCOPY>>, 2007; 23 (1): 81-88. [doi:10.1016/j.arthro.2006.10.011] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/13149]

Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with and without subacromial decompression: a prospective randomized study

Milano, Giuseppe;Deriu, Laura;Fabbriciani, Carlo
2007

Abstract

Purpose: Our purpose was to evaluate the role of subacromial decompression in the arthroscopic repair of full-thickness rotator cuff tears in a prospective randomized clinical study. Methods: Arthroscopic cuff repair was performed in 80 patients with a full-thickness rotator cuff tear. They were divided into 2 groups comprising 40 patients each. In group 1 arthroscopic rotator cuff repair was performed with subacromial decompression. In group 2 the repair was performed without decompression. Rotator cuff tears were repaired via metal suture anchors for tendon-to-bone repair, side-to-side repair, or a combination of the 2 techniques. Results were evaluated by use of the Constant score normalized for age and gender, as well as the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Work-DASH self-administered questionnaires. On analyzing the results at 2 years’ follow-up, we considered the following independent variables: age; gender; dominance; location, shape, area, retraction, and reducibility of cuff tear; fatty degeneration; involvement of subscapularis tendon; treatment of biceps tendon; rotator cuff repair technique; and type of acromion. A univariate and multivariate statistical analysis was performed to determine which variables were independently associated with the outcome. Results: Comparison between the groups did not show significant differences for each variable considered. The overall results for the Constant score were 103.6 points in group 1 and 96.1 points in group 2; those for the DASH score were 18.2 points and 23.1 points, respectively; and those for the Work-DASH score were 23.7 points and 26.2 points, respectively. Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that the following variables significantly and independently influenced the outcome: age; shape, retraction, and reducibility of cuff tear; fatty degeneration; involvement of subscapularis; and repair technique. Subacromial decompression did not influence the outcome significantly for each scoring system considered. Conclusions: At short-term follow-up, subacromial decompression did not seem to significantly affect the outcome of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Longer follow-up studies will be necessary to confirm the clinical relevance of these observations.
Inglese
Milano, G., Grasso, A., Salvatore, M., Zarelli, D., Deriu, L., Fabbriciani, C., Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with and without subacromial decompression: a prospective randomized study, <<ARTHROSCOPY>>, 2007; 23 (1): 81-88. [doi:10.1016/j.arthro.2006.10.011] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/13149]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/13149
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