Genome integrity is constantly threatened by endogenous and exogenous factors. However its preservation is ensured by a network of pathways that prevent and/or repair the lesion, which constitute the DNA damage response (DDR). Expression of the key proteins involved in the DDR is controlled by numerous post-transcriptional mechanisms, among which pre-mRNA splicing stands out. Intriguingly, several splicing factors have been recently shown to play direct functions in DNA damage prevention and repair, which go beyond their expected splicing activity. At the same time, evidence is emerging that DNA repair proteins (DRPs) can actively sustain the DDR by acting as post-transcriptional regulator of gene expression, in addition to their well-known role in the mechanisms of signaling and repair of the lesion. Herein, we will review these non-canonical functions of both splicing factors and DRPs, which suggest the existence of a tight interplay between splicing regulation and canonical DNA safeguard mechanisms ensuring genome stability.

Naro, C., Bielli, P., Pagliarini, V., Sette, C., The interplay between DNA damage response and RNA processing: The unexpected role of splicing factors as gatekeepers of genome stability, <<FRONTIERS IN GENETICS>>, 2015; 6 (MAR): 142-N/A. [doi:10.3389/fgene.2015.00142] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/124872]

The interplay between DNA damage response and RNA processing: The unexpected role of splicing factors as gatekeepers of genome stability

Naro, Chiara;Pagliarini, Vittoria;Sette, Claudio
2015

Abstract

Genome integrity is constantly threatened by endogenous and exogenous factors. However its preservation is ensured by a network of pathways that prevent and/or repair the lesion, which constitute the DNA damage response (DDR). Expression of the key proteins involved in the DDR is controlled by numerous post-transcriptional mechanisms, among which pre-mRNA splicing stands out. Intriguingly, several splicing factors have been recently shown to play direct functions in DNA damage prevention and repair, which go beyond their expected splicing activity. At the same time, evidence is emerging that DNA repair proteins (DRPs) can actively sustain the DDR by acting as post-transcriptional regulator of gene expression, in addition to their well-known role in the mechanisms of signaling and repair of the lesion. Herein, we will review these non-canonical functions of both splicing factors and DRPs, which suggest the existence of a tight interplay between splicing regulation and canonical DNA safeguard mechanisms ensuring genome stability.
Inglese
Naro, C., Bielli, P., Pagliarini, V., Sette, C., The interplay between DNA damage response and RNA processing: The unexpected role of splicing factors as gatekeepers of genome stability, <<FRONTIERS IN GENETICS>>, 2015; 6 (MAR): 142-N/A. [doi:10.3389/fgene.2015.00142] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/124872]
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