Incidental radiologic diagnosis of clinically silent adrenal masses is reported with increasing rates. Between 1981 and 1994 we observed 30 patients with "incidentaloma": for each of them a careful hormonal and instrumental evaluation was obtained. 24 patients were surgically treated. No significant biochemical alterations were observed; ETG, TC and RMN had a sensitivity of 86%, 93% and 83%, respectively. At seleno-cholesterol scintigraphy 5 incidentalomas (all adenomas) had a concordant pattern and 5 (none of these adenoma) had a discordant pattern. MIBG scintigraphy showed an uptaking ganglioneuroma. The observed histotypes were: 10 adenomas, 3 cysts, 1 hematoma, 1 myelolipoma, 1 angiomyolipoma, 1 ganglioneuroma, 1 ganglioneurofibroma, 1 paraganglioma, 1 aspecific granulomatous necrosis, 4 cortical carcinoma and 3 metastatic lesions. We did not observe any postoperative acute adrenal failure. The main problem raised by incidentalomas is to define their nature; hence the need of a careful hormonometabolic, morpho-functional and instrumental evaluation. The available diagnostic procedures, even when combined, cannot always define if an incidentaloma is a benign or a malignant lesion: in the current clinical practice, the size of the mass is still the most important criterion to define a therapeutic approach. Surgical excision is mandatory in presence of an hormonal production, even subclinic, and/or a large size of the mass (over 5 cm). If the tumor size is less than 5 cm, an aggressive strategy may be chosen in selected low-risk patients, because of the low morbidity of adrenalectomy. In our experience, the transperitoneal subcostal approach has been adopted routinely with good results.

Bellantone, R. D. A., Ferrante, A. M. R., Raffaelli, M., Boscherini, M., Rubino, F., Crucitti, F., [Incidental discovery of adrenal neoplasms: our experience], <<ANNALI ITALIANI DI CHIRURGIA>>, 1995; 66 (4): 439-448 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/11922]

[Incidental discovery of adrenal neoplasms: our experience]

Bellantone, Rocco Domenico Alfonso;Ferrante, Angela Maria Rosaria;Raffaelli, Marco;Boscherini, Mauro;Rubino, Francesco;
1995

Abstract

Incidental radiologic diagnosis of clinically silent adrenal masses is reported with increasing rates. Between 1981 and 1994 we observed 30 patients with "incidentaloma": for each of them a careful hormonal and instrumental evaluation was obtained. 24 patients were surgically treated. No significant biochemical alterations were observed; ETG, TC and RMN had a sensitivity of 86%, 93% and 83%, respectively. At seleno-cholesterol scintigraphy 5 incidentalomas (all adenomas) had a concordant pattern and 5 (none of these adenoma) had a discordant pattern. MIBG scintigraphy showed an uptaking ganglioneuroma. The observed histotypes were: 10 adenomas, 3 cysts, 1 hematoma, 1 myelolipoma, 1 angiomyolipoma, 1 ganglioneuroma, 1 ganglioneurofibroma, 1 paraganglioma, 1 aspecific granulomatous necrosis, 4 cortical carcinoma and 3 metastatic lesions. We did not observe any postoperative acute adrenal failure. The main problem raised by incidentalomas is to define their nature; hence the need of a careful hormonometabolic, morpho-functional and instrumental evaluation. The available diagnostic procedures, even when combined, cannot always define if an incidentaloma is a benign or a malignant lesion: in the current clinical practice, the size of the mass is still the most important criterion to define a therapeutic approach. Surgical excision is mandatory in presence of an hormonal production, even subclinic, and/or a large size of the mass (over 5 cm). If the tumor size is less than 5 cm, an aggressive strategy may be chosen in selected low-risk patients, because of the low morbidity of adrenalectomy. In our experience, the transperitoneal subcostal approach has been adopted routinely with good results.
Italiano
Bellantone, R. D. A., Ferrante, A. M. R., Raffaelli, M., Boscherini, M., Rubino, F., Crucitti, F., [Incidental discovery of adrenal neoplasms: our experience], <>, 1995; 66 (4): 439-448 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/11922]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/11922
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