While Christian Wolff’s empirical psychology is distinguished by its focus on what we can observe about the soul, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten concentrates on the case of the I (ego), or my soul. How does this affect the relationship between empirical and rational psychology? The intent of both authors is to start from the empirical data collected by empirical psychology, and then to move to a more abstract and formalistic justification of these data in rational psychology. However, despite the undeniable methodological relevance Wolff attributes to empirical data as the beginning of the cognitive process, rationalistic formalism still seems irreducible in his conception of experience. Baumgarten’s rational psychology also cannot avoid relying on the observations and the consequent definitions stated in empirical psychology, but Baumgarten’s employment of the I within the Psychologia empirica can be regarded as testifying to his deeper concern of the knowing subject in his sensible experience. Baumgarten’s concept of experience, even if apparently similar to Wolff’s, is indeed much more focused on the possibility of discovering a form of rationality that is peculiarly detectable from the sensible experience of the singular I. Thus, since Wolff’s concept of perception still relies on attention, he partially underpins even the possibility of experience on purely rational principles. Baumgarten instead puts his treatment of the “Sensus” soon after the exposition of the inferior cognitive faculty, as an independent source of the “Scientia sensitive cognoscendi et proponendi”, a discipline that he defines as Aesthetics.

Lorini, G., From We to I. The Rise of Aesthetics between Rational and Empirical Psychology, in From Hamann to Kierkegaard, (Università di Lisbona, 15-16 December 2016), Centre of Philosophy of the University of Lisbon, Lisbona 2017: 21-36 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/117356]

From We to I. The Rise of Aesthetics between Rational and Empirical Psychology

Lorini, Gualtiero
2017

Abstract

While Christian Wolff’s empirical psychology is distinguished by its focus on what we can observe about the soul, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten concentrates on the case of the I (ego), or my soul. How does this affect the relationship between empirical and rational psychology? The intent of both authors is to start from the empirical data collected by empirical psychology, and then to move to a more abstract and formalistic justification of these data in rational psychology. However, despite the undeniable methodological relevance Wolff attributes to empirical data as the beginning of the cognitive process, rationalistic formalism still seems irreducible in his conception of experience. Baumgarten’s rational psychology also cannot avoid relying on the observations and the consequent definitions stated in empirical psychology, but Baumgarten’s employment of the I within the Psychologia empirica can be regarded as testifying to his deeper concern of the knowing subject in his sensible experience. Baumgarten’s concept of experience, even if apparently similar to Wolff’s, is indeed much more focused on the possibility of discovering a form of rationality that is peculiarly detectable from the sensible experience of the singular I. Thus, since Wolff’s concept of perception still relies on attention, he partially underpins even the possibility of experience on purely rational principles. Baumgarten instead puts his treatment of the “Sensus” soon after the exposition of the inferior cognitive faculty, as an independent source of the “Scientia sensitive cognoscendi et proponendi”, a discipline that he defines as Aesthetics.
Inglese
From Hamann to Kierkegaard
First Workshop of the international Project “Experimentation and Dissidence”
Università di Lisbona
15-dic-2016
16-dic-2016
9789898553430
Centre of Philosophy of the University of Lisbon
Lorini, G., From We to I. The Rise of Aesthetics between Rational and Empirical Psychology, in From Hamann to Kierkegaard, (Università di Lisbona, 15-16 December 2016), Centre of Philosophy of the University of Lisbon, Lisbona 2017: 21-36 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/117356]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/117356
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