Background: Withholding live-attenuated vaccines in patients using interleukin (IL)-1 or IL-6 blocking agents is recommended by guidelines for both pediatric and adult rheumatic diseases, since there is a risk of infection in an immune suppressed host. However, this has never been studied. This retrospective, multicenter survey aimed to evaluate the safety of live-attenuated vaccines in patients using IL-1 or IL-6 blockade. Methods: We contacted physicians involved in the treatment of autoinflammatory diseases to investigate potential cases. Patients were included if a live-attenuated vaccine had been administered while they were on IL-1 or IL-6 blockade. Results: Seventeen patients were included in this survey (7 systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), 5 cryopyrin associated periodic syndrome (CAPS), 4 mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) and 1 familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). Three patients experienced an adverse event, of which two were serious adverse events (a varicella zoster infection after varicella zoster booster vaccination, and a pneumonia after MMR booster). One additional patient had diarrhea after oral polio vaccine. Further, seven patients experienced a flare of their disease, which were generally mild. Eight patients did not experience an adverse event or a flare. Conclusion: We have described a case series of seventeen patients who received a live-attenuated vaccine while using IL-1 or IL-6 blocking medication. The findings of this survey are not a reason to adapt the existing guidelines. Prospective trials are needed in order to acquire more evidence about the safety and efficacy before considering adaptation of guidelines.

Jeyaratnam, J., Ter Haar, N., Lachmann, H., Kasapcopur, O., Ombrello, A., Rigante, D., Dedeoglu, F., Baris, E., Vastert, S., Wulffraat, N., Frenkel, J., The safety of live-attenuated vaccines in patients using IL-1 or IL-6 blockade: an international survey, <<PEDIATRIC RHEUMATOLOGY ONLINE JOURNAL>>, 2018; (16): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1186/s12969-018-0235-z] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/117197]

The safety of live-attenuated vaccines in patients using IL-1 or IL-6 blockade: an international survey

Rigante, D;
2018

Abstract

Background: Withholding live-attenuated vaccines in patients using interleukin (IL)-1 or IL-6 blocking agents is recommended by guidelines for both pediatric and adult rheumatic diseases, since there is a risk of infection in an immune suppressed host. However, this has never been studied. This retrospective, multicenter survey aimed to evaluate the safety of live-attenuated vaccines in patients using IL-1 or IL-6 blockade. Methods: We contacted physicians involved in the treatment of autoinflammatory diseases to investigate potential cases. Patients were included if a live-attenuated vaccine had been administered while they were on IL-1 or IL-6 blockade. Results: Seventeen patients were included in this survey (7 systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), 5 cryopyrin associated periodic syndrome (CAPS), 4 mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) and 1 familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). Three patients experienced an adverse event, of which two were serious adverse events (a varicella zoster infection after varicella zoster booster vaccination, and a pneumonia after MMR booster). One additional patient had diarrhea after oral polio vaccine. Further, seven patients experienced a flare of their disease, which were generally mild. Eight patients did not experience an adverse event or a flare. Conclusion: We have described a case series of seventeen patients who received a live-attenuated vaccine while using IL-1 or IL-6 blocking medication. The findings of this survey are not a reason to adapt the existing guidelines. Prospective trials are needed in order to acquire more evidence about the safety and efficacy before considering adaptation of guidelines.
2018
Inglese
Jeyaratnam, J., Ter Haar, N., Lachmann, H., Kasapcopur, O., Ombrello, A., Rigante, D., Dedeoglu, F., Baris, E., Vastert, S., Wulffraat, N., Frenkel, J., The safety of live-attenuated vaccines in patients using IL-1 or IL-6 blockade: an international survey, <<PEDIATRIC RHEUMATOLOGY ONLINE JOURNAL>>, 2018; (16): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1186/s12969-018-0235-z] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/117197]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/117197
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 30
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 29
social impact