Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is an uncommon neuroendocrine sinonasal cancer associated by many authors to ectopic production of several biologically active substances. We report a case of a 31-year-old male patient who presented with idiopathic syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). During diagnostic work-up, a CT scan of the head was performed and an ethmoidal ONB was detected. Endoscopical surgery followed by radiotherapy was carried out. Immediately after surgery natraemia levels normalised. Five years later the patient is disease-free. To our knowledge, 17 cases of SIADH associated to ONB have been published. In nine reports, idiopathic SIADH promptly led to the diagnosis of the sinonasal mass as in our clinical case, however, in many reports, correct diagnosis was accomplished months to years later. In young patients with idiopathic inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, a neuroendocrine malignancy of the sinonasal area must be excluded.

Parrilla, C., Lucidi, D., Petrone, G., Bastanza, G., Colosimo, C., Idiopathic SIADH in young patients: don't forget the nose, <<ACTA OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICA ITALICA>>, 2017; (37(1)): 76-79. [doi:10.14639/0392-100X-1141] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/116679]

Idiopathic SIADH in young patients: don't forget the nose

Parrilla C;Lucidi D;Petrone G;Bastanza G;Colosimo C
2017

Abstract

Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is an uncommon neuroendocrine sinonasal cancer associated by many authors to ectopic production of several biologically active substances. We report a case of a 31-year-old male patient who presented with idiopathic syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). During diagnostic work-up, a CT scan of the head was performed and an ethmoidal ONB was detected. Endoscopical surgery followed by radiotherapy was carried out. Immediately after surgery natraemia levels normalised. Five years later the patient is disease-free. To our knowledge, 17 cases of SIADH associated to ONB have been published. In nine reports, idiopathic SIADH promptly led to the diagnosis of the sinonasal mass as in our clinical case, however, in many reports, correct diagnosis was accomplished months to years later. In young patients with idiopathic inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, a neuroendocrine malignancy of the sinonasal area must be excluded.
Inglese
Parrilla, C., Lucidi, D., Petrone, G., Bastanza, G., Colosimo, C., Idiopathic SIADH in young patients: don't forget the nose, <>, 2017; (37(1)): 76-79. [doi:10.14639/0392-100X-1141] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/116679]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/116679
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