In the present study, we examined whether individual differences in the use of cognitive reappraisal predict the experience of more positive and less negative emotions prior to an evaluative task, as well as whether reappraisal is associated with better performance. In a longitudinal design, 130 students were asked to report their spontaneous use of reappraisal as well as the emotions experienced at three time points prior to an academic exam. Results showed that the use of cognitive reappraisal measured when students began to study predicted less negative and more positive emotions in the following two weeks. Further, positive and negative affect were significant predictors of the grade achieved. Finally, cognitive reappraisal had a significant indirect effect on the grade students achieved. These findings suggest that cognitive reappraisal can be effective in regulating emotions while approaching evaluative stressors.

Balzarotti, S., Chiarella, V., Ciceri, M. R., Individual differences in cognitive reappraisal predict emotional experience prior to achievement situations: A prospective study, <<JOURNAL OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES>>, 2017; 38 (3): 144-154. [doi:10.1027/1614-0001/a000231] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/105392]

Individual differences in cognitive reappraisal predict emotional experience prior to achievement situations: A prospective study

Balzarotti, Stefania
Primo
;
Ciceri, Maria Rita
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

In the present study, we examined whether individual differences in the use of cognitive reappraisal predict the experience of more positive and less negative emotions prior to an evaluative task, as well as whether reappraisal is associated with better performance. In a longitudinal design, 130 students were asked to report their spontaneous use of reappraisal as well as the emotions experienced at three time points prior to an academic exam. Results showed that the use of cognitive reappraisal measured when students began to study predicted less negative and more positive emotions in the following two weeks. Further, positive and negative affect were significant predictors of the grade achieved. Finally, cognitive reappraisal had a significant indirect effect on the grade students achieved. These findings suggest that cognitive reappraisal can be effective in regulating emotions while approaching evaluative stressors.
Inglese
Balzarotti, S., Chiarella, V., Ciceri, M. R., Individual differences in cognitive reappraisal predict emotional experience prior to achievement situations: A prospective study, <<JOURNAL OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES>>, 2017; 38 (3): 144-154. [doi:10.1027/1614-0001/a000231] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/105392]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/105392
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