Continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) is the treatment of choice for critically-ill patients suffering from acute renal failure (ARF). One major problem of extracorporeal circuits is their thrombogenicity, which requires pharmacological blockade of primary (platelet-dependent) or secondary (plasmatic) haemostasis, increasing the patient's bleeding risk. Our study assessed platelet function during CVVHDF, comparing anticoagulant versus antiplatelet pharmacological strategies, commonly used to avoid circuit clotting. Twenty-three critically-ill patients with ARF, requiring CVVHDF were randomized to a prostacyclin analogue (PGI) or to unfractionated heparin (UFH). Ex vivo platelet function, assessed by optical aggregometry (OPA) induced by collagen or ADP, was studied in peripheral blood at baseline, 4 and 24 hrs after starting CVVHDF, and at 4 hrs within the circuit, before and after the filter (n=9). Coagulation was also monitored. PGI significantly inhibited ADP-induced OPA of peripheral platelets: maximal aggregation (Tmax) was reduced at 4 and 24 hrs by 20%, while collagen-induced Tmax was significantly reduced at 4 hrs only. In the UFH group, collagen-induced OPA in peripheral platelets was significantly inhibited: slopes of OPA tracings were decreased by 25%, lag time was prolonged by 22%, Tmax decreased by 10% already at 4 hrs. ADP-induced OPA showed a similar, but non-significant trend. UFH expectedly prolonged aPTT. In the UFH group, platelet responsiveness to collagen was significantly increased by 30% in post-filter versus pre-filter samples. This effect was blunted in the PGI group. UFH does not protect platelets from filter-induced activation and is associated with a reduced function of systemic platelets. Platelet-inhibiting agents might better prevent the activatory effect of the filter.

Arcangeli, A., Rocca, B., Salvatori, G., Ciancia, M., Antonelli, M., De Cristofaro, R., Heparin versus prostacyclin in continuous hemodiafiltration for acute renal failure: effects on platelet function in the systemic circulation and across the filter, <<THROMBOSIS RESEARCH>>, 2010; 126 (1): 24-31. [doi:10.1016/j.thromres.2010.01.048] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/101974]

Heparin versus prostacyclin in continuous hemodiafiltration for acute renal failure: effects on platelet function in the systemic circulation and across the filter

Arcangeli, Andrea;Rocca, Bianca;Salvatori, Gabriella;Antonelli, M;De Cristofaro, Raimondo
2010

Abstract

Continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) is the treatment of choice for critically-ill patients suffering from acute renal failure (ARF). One major problem of extracorporeal circuits is their thrombogenicity, which requires pharmacological blockade of primary (platelet-dependent) or secondary (plasmatic) haemostasis, increasing the patient's bleeding risk. Our study assessed platelet function during CVVHDF, comparing anticoagulant versus antiplatelet pharmacological strategies, commonly used to avoid circuit clotting. Twenty-three critically-ill patients with ARF, requiring CVVHDF were randomized to a prostacyclin analogue (PGI) or to unfractionated heparin (UFH). Ex vivo platelet function, assessed by optical aggregometry (OPA) induced by collagen or ADP, was studied in peripheral blood at baseline, 4 and 24 hrs after starting CVVHDF, and at 4 hrs within the circuit, before and after the filter (n=9). Coagulation was also monitored. PGI significantly inhibited ADP-induced OPA of peripheral platelets: maximal aggregation (Tmax) was reduced at 4 and 24 hrs by 20%, while collagen-induced Tmax was significantly reduced at 4 hrs only. In the UFH group, collagen-induced OPA in peripheral platelets was significantly inhibited: slopes of OPA tracings were decreased by 25%, lag time was prolonged by 22%, Tmax decreased by 10% already at 4 hrs. ADP-induced OPA showed a similar, but non-significant trend. UFH expectedly prolonged aPTT. In the UFH group, platelet responsiveness to collagen was significantly increased by 30% in post-filter versus pre-filter samples. This effect was blunted in the PGI group. UFH does not protect platelets from filter-induced activation and is associated with a reduced function of systemic platelets. Platelet-inhibiting agents might better prevent the activatory effect of the filter.
Inglese
Arcangeli, A., Rocca, B., Salvatori, G., Ciancia, M., Antonelli, M., De Cristofaro, R., Heparin versus prostacyclin in continuous hemodiafiltration for acute renal failure: effects on platelet function in the systemic circulation and across the filter, <<THROMBOSIS RESEARCH>>, 2010; 126 (1): 24-31. [doi:10.1016/j.thromres.2010.01.048] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/101974]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/101974
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