The failure of the Syrian Spring is under the eyes of the whole world; an analysis of possible scenarios and final resolutions is currently impossible, while it is easy to assume that the pre – 2011 Syria will no longer find confirmation in the future: too many deaths, too many indiscriminate killings, too many inter-religious struggles. The failure of this country - which has played a significant role in contemporary Arab history, since the end of WWI to the decolonization process and from the Cold War to the post ‘89 phase - is symptomatically related to an identity fiasco whose responsibility is largely attributable to the political leadership of the al-’Assad family, but also, more generally, to a previous inability to shape a national distinctiveness able to conciliate the country’s different religious and political peculiarities. Pondering the abstract’s title it is important to highlight that a country like Syria, which tried to control the richer Lebanon from the ‘70s, promoting a divide et impera policy and triggering from the bottom a long civil war, was to undergo a very similar process, although taking a much longer course from the first half of the XX century. The Syrian “Lebanonization” sequence, only partially attributable to external responsibilities, is the main topic of this article: an historical journey in which Syria’s inability to build a true national identity emerges as symptomatic of a reluctance to feel part of an inclusive and plural state.

Demichelis, M., Syria’s Lebanonization process. An historical excursus within the “non-existence” of Syrian national identity, in Marco Demichelis, P. M. (ed.), Rethinking Nationalism in the Contemporary Islamic World, Gorgias Press, Piscataway, NJ 2016: 65- 85 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/89026]

Syria’s Lebanonization process. An historical excursus within the “non-existence” of Syrian national identity

Demichelis, Marco
2016

Abstract

The failure of the Syrian Spring is under the eyes of the whole world; an analysis of possible scenarios and final resolutions is currently impossible, while it is easy to assume that the pre – 2011 Syria will no longer find confirmation in the future: too many deaths, too many indiscriminate killings, too many inter-religious struggles. The failure of this country - which has played a significant role in contemporary Arab history, since the end of WWI to the decolonization process and from the Cold War to the post ‘89 phase - is symptomatically related to an identity fiasco whose responsibility is largely attributable to the political leadership of the al-’Assad family, but also, more generally, to a previous inability to shape a national distinctiveness able to conciliate the country’s different religious and political peculiarities. Pondering the abstract’s title it is important to highlight that a country like Syria, which tried to control the richer Lebanon from the ‘70s, promoting a divide et impera policy and triggering from the bottom a long civil war, was to undergo a very similar process, although taking a much longer course from the first half of the XX century. The Syrian “Lebanonization” sequence, only partially attributable to external responsibilities, is the main topic of this article: an historical journey in which Syria’s inability to build a true national identity emerges as symptomatic of a reluctance to feel part of an inclusive and plural state.
Inglese
Rethinking Nationalism in the Contemporary Islamic World
978-1-4632-0642-0
Gorgias Press
In press
Demichelis, M., Syria’s Lebanonization process. An historical excursus within the “non-existence” of Syrian national identity, in Marco Demichelis, P. M. (ed.), Rethinking Nationalism in the Contemporary Islamic World, Gorgias Press, Piscataway, NJ 2016: 65- 85 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/89026]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/89026
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