The emphasis laid by Husserl on an abyss of sense between consciousness and reality, between an immanent being and a transcendent being, flows into the assertion of a necessary dependence of the world on consciousness and, consequently, of a constitution of reality within consciousness. But, if he passes in such a way from the undeniable difference in ontological status between world and subject to the assertion of the absolute existence of the subject out of the world, this happens because he presupposes that the ontological status of wordly beings is univocal so that the only way of differentiating from worldly beings would be to go out of the world; after all, there is a secret complicity between objective realism and transcendental idealism. But how is it possible to think of a subject that from the same point of view can make the world appear and be part of it? His mode of being must be understood in the form of negativity and becoming: only thus are we able to conceive a consciousness at once included in the world and including it.

Sacchi, D. M., Some Questions About Idealism and Realism in the Structure of Husserlian Phenomenology, in Smith, W., Smith, J., Verducci, D. (ed.), Analecta Husserliana, Volume CXXI. Eco-Phenomenology: Life, Human Life, Post-Human Life in the Harmony of the Cosmos, Springer, Dordrecht 2018: CXXI 79- 86 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/126390]

Some Questions About Idealism and Realism in the Structure of Husserlian Phenomenology

Sacchi, Dario Marco
2018

Abstract

The emphasis laid by Husserl on an abyss of sense between consciousness and reality, between an immanent being and a transcendent being, flows into the assertion of a necessary dependence of the world on consciousness and, consequently, of a constitution of reality within consciousness. But, if he passes in such a way from the undeniable difference in ontological status between world and subject to the assertion of the absolute existence of the subject out of the world, this happens because he presupposes that the ontological status of wordly beings is univocal so that the only way of differentiating from worldly beings would be to go out of the world; after all, there is a secret complicity between objective realism and transcendental idealism. But how is it possible to think of a subject that from the same point of view can make the world appear and be part of it? His mode of being must be understood in the form of negativity and becoming: only thus are we able to conceive a consciousness at once included in the world and including it.
Inglese
Analecta Husserliana, Volume CXXI. Eco-Phenomenology: Life, Human Life, Post-Human Life in the Harmony of the Cosmos
978-3-319-77515-9
Springer
CXXI
Sacchi, D. M., Some Questions About Idealism and Realism in the Structure of Husserlian Phenomenology, in Smith, W., Smith, J., Verducci, D. (ed.), Analecta Husserliana, Volume CXXI. Eco-Phenomenology: Life, Human Life, Post-Human Life in the Harmony of the Cosmos, Springer, Dordrecht 2018: CXXI 79- 86 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/126390]
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