These 'National guidelines for police officers, public prosecutors and judges' are aimed at providing a practical and specific tool for a better implementation, by Italian law enforcement agencies, of Directive 2012/29/EU, with specific respect to victims of corporate crime and corporate violence. Building on a previous theoretical and empirical research (within the framework of a larger research project on 'Victims and Corporations'), these Guidelines provide an overview of the minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime established by the Directive with specific respect to the peculiarities and problems related to corporate violence victimization, i.e. to criminal offences committed by corporations in the course of their legitimate activities, which result in harms to natural persons’ health, integrity or life, and whose victims experience a whole range of distinctive risks of secondary and repeat victimisation, of intimidation and retaliation, as well as of harm to their dignity and private and family life. This particular book chapter addresses the thorny issues concerning the timely identification, and therefore recognition, of victims of corporate crime. In fact, the usually collective dimension of corporate violence victimization, together with the frequently long latency periods which characterize the onset of the harmful effects, and with the recurrence of scientific uncertainty about causal links and, in some cases, about the meaning and relevance of symptoms experienced by victims, all add to the greater difficulty in identifying and recognizing these victims and their status as such, so that specific guidelines are provided with this respect.

Mazzucato, C., Individuare e riconoscere le vittime di corporate violence, in Visconti Ariann, V. A. (ed.), Implementazione della Direttiva 2012/29/UE per le vittime di corporate crime e corporate violence. Linee guida nazionali per la polizia giudiziaria, le Procure della Repubblica e i magistrati giudicanti, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Centro Studi “Federico Stella” sulla Giustizia penale e la Politica criminale, Milano 2017: 28- 43 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/120079]

Individuare e riconoscere le vittime di corporate violence

Mazzucato, Claudia
2017

Abstract

These 'National guidelines for police officers, public prosecutors and judges' are aimed at providing a practical and specific tool for a better implementation, by Italian law enforcement agencies, of Directive 2012/29/EU, with specific respect to victims of corporate crime and corporate violence. Building on a previous theoretical and empirical research (within the framework of a larger research project on 'Victims and Corporations'), these Guidelines provide an overview of the minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime established by the Directive with specific respect to the peculiarities and problems related to corporate violence victimization, i.e. to criminal offences committed by corporations in the course of their legitimate activities, which result in harms to natural persons’ health, integrity or life, and whose victims experience a whole range of distinctive risks of secondary and repeat victimisation, of intimidation and retaliation, as well as of harm to their dignity and private and family life. This particular book chapter addresses the thorny issues concerning the timely identification, and therefore recognition, of victims of corporate crime. In fact, the usually collective dimension of corporate violence victimization, together with the frequently long latency periods which characterize the onset of the harmful effects, and with the recurrence of scientific uncertainty about causal links and, in some cases, about the meaning and relevance of symptoms experienced by victims, all add to the greater difficulty in identifying and recognizing these victims and their status as such, so that specific guidelines are provided with this respect.
Italiano
Implementazione della Direttiva 2012/29/UE per le vittime di corporate crime e corporate violence. Linee guida nazionali per la polizia giudiziaria, le Procure della Repubblica e i magistrati giudicanti
978-88-942229-7-5
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Centro Studi “Federico Stella” sulla Giustizia penale e la Politica criminale
Pubblicazione del progetto "Victims and Corporations. Implementation of Directive 2012/29/UE for victims of corporate crimes and corporate violence", finanziato dal programma "Justice" dell'Unione Europea. Pubblicazione realizzata con il sostegno finanziario del programma "Justice" dell'Unione Europea. La responsabilità dei contenuti dell'opera è da imputarsi ai soli autori; i contenuti non possono essere intesi come espressione della posizione della Commissione Europea. La pubblicazione, insieme ad altri materiali e pubblicazioni del progetto, è disponibile online anche al sito del progetto: www.victimsandcorporations.eu. In questa pubblicazione, Claudia Mazzucato ha redatto inoltre i capitoli V (Vulnerabilità e protezione), IX (Giustizia riparativa), X (Sostegno e assistenza al di fuori del procedimento penale), XII (Del "buon uso" della Direttiva 2012/29/UE). / These Guidelines for Enforcement agencies are one of the outputs of the project “Victims and Corporations. Implementation of Directive 2012/29/EU for Victims of Corporate Crimes and Corporate Violence” , funded by the “Justice” programme of the European Union(Agreement number - JUST/2014/JACC/AG/VICT/7417). This publication has been produced with the financial support of the “Justice” programme of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the contributors and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Commission.
Mazzucato, C., Individuare e riconoscere le vittime di corporate violence, in Visconti Ariann, V. A. (ed.), Implementazione della Direttiva 2012/29/UE per le vittime di corporate crime e corporate violence. Linee guida nazionali per la polizia giudiziaria, le Procure della Repubblica e i magistrati giudicanti, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Centro Studi “Federico Stella” sulla Giustizia penale e la Politica criminale, Milano 2017: 28- 43 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/120079]
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